VETNET ECER 2000 Proceedings
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Arnell-Gustafsson, Ulla
School-arranged or market-governed workplace training? A labour-market perspective

In times of recession, youth unemployment has tended to be one of the greatest problems on the labour market. This was the case at the beginning of the 1980s, and also during the1990s, in most European countries. In Sweden, with its tradition of an active labour-market policy, various measures against youth unemployment have been discussed and tried. In the 1990s, workplace training was a major characteristic of labour-market measures taken for young people. In 1992 a youth-training scheme was introduced, specially directed at young people. This was replaced in 1995 with a more general programme for all age groups. In both programmes, workplace training was a crucial factor. 
However, more structural features have been discussed within the confines of the Swedish model for school-to-work transition. In Sweden, initial vocational education is mostly school-based, which in some respects is regarded as a problem. One argument is that a school-based system will create a barrier between the worlds of school and work. On this view, young people do not obtain make contacts with employers, and their socialisation into work-life is delayed. Different types of apprenticeships have been discussed and tried in Sweden, and contacts between schools and workplaces have been encouraged. 

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Complete reference:
Manning, Sabine; Raffe, David (eds.). 2000. VETNET ECER 2000 proceedings: Current research in European vocational education and human resource development. Berlin: Wissenschaftsforum Bildung und Gesellschaft e.V. [Internet: http://www.b.shuttle.de/wifo/vet/ecer00.htm].
   
Selected research papers related to VET and HRD in Europe
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