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Investigating educational issues across Europe (ACROSS Base)
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Method Collaboration (EMVET)
Description "Collaboration is usually discussed from the perspective of learning. The idea in our pilots was that collaboration is a fundamental prerequisite for enabling passages for crossing pathways of research, planning/tutoring and learning, which could lead to new understanding, concepts, models of action in the fragmented, diffuse and controversial area of VET work. More fundamentally, 'collaboration' refers to 'the social' (or 'participation' and 'negotiation'), both as the prerequisite and the aim of learning, planning & tutoring and research on occupational growth of VET professionals. The psychical and the social in collaboration are mutually constitutive... 
    It became evident from both pilots that in order to be fruitful, unestablished, open-ended and innovative activities require the same qualities from the participants. Without certain amount of idealism and enthusiasm, of openness and tolerance, collaboration cannot work; on the contrary, calculative and self- or organisation-interested motivation may undermine it. On the other hand, in order to root innovations into regular long-term activities, their limits, advantages and consequences from the students, tutors/planners and organisation´s perspective need also rational reflections. These include, e.g. official recognition and status of studies, agreements on work-contracts and salaries, allocation of resources and support, in organisations and in the wider society" (Heikkinen et al. 2001, pp. 2, 24).
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