to compare particular national systems of transitional labour markets,
training transitions for example, have to be based on an approach broadly
rooted in political economy if comparisons of the balance between the market
and institutional components of training transitions are to be meaningful.
Transitional labour markets also direct attention to the role of actors
behind institutions and to the specific transitions responsible for integration
or eclusion tendencies. The role and strategies of the social partners
and state representatives in shaping transitions and processes of social
closure are the subject of the following, largely empirical chapters of
the book. Both micro- and macro-level evidence on education and training
transitions is needed to test the hypotheses presented above. The concept
of a specific transitional labour market for training and education raises
the question of who the 'market maker' is in a transitional labour market.
Is it the state, firms, the social partners or individuals, or a combination
of these actors? The role of each of these potential market makers needs
close investigation or some degree of enhanced endogeneity in the comparison
of integration and exclusion processes over time and between countries."
(Schömann et al., 2002, p. 30)