Investigating educational issues across Europe (ACROSS Base)
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Method Comparison (TRANSLAM)
Description Attempts to compare particular national systems of transitional labour markets, training transitions for example, have to be based on an approach broadly rooted in political economy if comparisons of the balance between the market and institutional components of training transitions are to be meaningful. Transitional labour markets also direct attention to the role of actors behind institutions and to the specific transitions responsible for integration or eclusion tendencies. The role and strategies of the social partners and state representatives in shaping transitions and processes of social closure are the subject of the following, largely empirical chapters of the book. Both micro- and macro-level evidence on education and training transitions is needed to test the hypotheses presented above. The concept of a specific transitional labour market for training and education raises the question of who the 'market maker' is in a transitional labour market. Is it the state, firms, the social partners or individuals, or a combination of these actors? The role of each of these potential market makers needs close investigation or some degree of enhanced endogeneity in the comparison of integration and exclusion processes over time and between countries." (Schömann et al., 2002, p. 30)
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