schemes of dually oriented qualifications were analysed as national case
studies in a comparative perspective. The analysis was guided by a detailed
set of research questions worked out jointly by the partnership on the
basis of the main objectives of the investigation:
the national framework of economic, social and educational change;
the major features of the scheme;
the educational concepts underlying the scheme;
the organisational implications of the scheme;
the effect of the scheme.
comparative approach was facilitated by grouping the national schemes according
to broadly similar frameworks of qualification and administration in the
national education systems concerned. Teams of partners representing these
groups carried out comparative studies in order to find out relations,
similarities and differences and to point out issues for further investigation..
(Manning, 1996a, pp. 14, 16)