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Investigating educational issues across Europe (ACROSS Base)
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Method Framework: Conceptual framework/ models of work experience (WEX21C)
Description "Taking its theoretical explorations into account, the research team has discussed different approaches to or models of work experience which embody changing responses to policy, to the learner, to skills needed and to pedagogy. This conceptual framework deploys a 'five-by-five matrix'. 

The horizontal axis identifies five different models of work experience:

  1. the traditional model: 'launching' students into the world of work;
  2. the experiential model: work experience as 'co-development';
  3. the generic model: work experience as an opportunity for key skill assessment;
  4. the work process model: a strategy to assist students in 'attuning' to the context of work;
  5. the connective model: a form of reflexive learning.
The vertical axis identifies five main features of the models:
  1. the purpose of work experience;
  2. the assumptions about learning and development;
  3. the practice of work experience;
  4. the role of the education and training provider;
  5. the outcome of the work experience."
The first four of the five models reflect the influence of different economic, technological and social factors prevailing within European countries as well as different ideas about learning and development; ... they can and do co-exist in different countries... The fifth model presents a new approach to work experience which is based upon the principle of connectivity..." (Griffiths et al., 2000, pp. 25f.)
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