Investigating educational issues across Europe (ACROSS Base)
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Method Indicator (CHIP)
Description "CHIP developed a series of indicators [for monitoring and supporting the well-being of children of immigrant origin] based on different levels of the well-being pyramid described above [terminology] and based on different units of measurement (individuals, families, structures, resources, and policies).

UNICEF, in its 1996 Progress of Nations Report, suggests a set of indicators going beyond the 'basic' ones used since 1980 in its own reports. Some of these, such as children’s mental well-being and crime against young people, are covered in traditional European measures of basic well-being. Others, such as risk behaviours and crimes committed by minors, are included in European behavioural indicators of well-being. Others, such as the 'use of time" or the 'quality of life of disabled or chronically ill children', reflect behaviours or measures difficult to transform into indicators. Then there are structural indicators of the resources available to the child ('leisure and recreational facilities', for example). There is also the effect of events on the child (the presence of violence or the threat of violence in children's lives), describing the environment in which the child lives. Others represent perception of the world around the child (hope and confidence or fear and anxiety about the future), which seem to the CHIP analysis to be dependent variables.

In choosing indicators from among the existing ones, in developing new indicators, and in aggregating indicators into domains, CHIP classified indicators according to the parameter of measurement.

... Measurements of well-being ... measure two diachronic aspects:

  • the quality of life while children;
  • the acquisition of skills and capabilities guaranteeing well-being in later life."
(FONDAZIONE CENSIS, 2000, pp. 11, 47, 49)
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