objectives of this project were to investigate the organisational learning
processes that arise through clustering and to give working indications
capable of supporting training and occupational policies in favour of SME.
In particular, it sought to identify operative models of competence
development and transfer within and between SMEs.
project started with a mapping exercise in order to identify the clusters
to be further investigated in-depth. Secondly a baseline survey
was set up in order to provide a common profile of firms and, thirdly,
real clusters were analysed using case studies;
data were processed through a cluster and multivariate
analysis; results were elaborated in a comparative report.
The project ended with a reference model identification and a set of practical
tools and guidelines.
the final question of transferability of the cluster model, it was argued
that there is no universal type of SME cluster; instead the project identified
a typology of five clusters which were consistent with types of
organisational learning practices representing different configurations
of socio-cultural embeddedness.
aim was to share, among partners, a common theoretical and pragmatic perspective
of the key-concepts 'SME clusters' and 'learning organisation', based on
an iterative heuristic process of (re)shaping definitions and deepening
meanings in order to come to a common and shared perspective. (Sarcina,
1998, pp. 1, 3, 18, 65, 66, 88).