Investigating educational issues across Europe (ACROSS Base)
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Project DISTANCE - Dual training systems: institutional setup and performance
Overview This project was initiated to meet the need of policy makers who are looking, increasingly abroad, for methods and tools to improve the effectiveness of dual vocational training systems. The aim of this research was to gain insight into the ways changes in institutional set up might help to improve effectiveness with regard to the allocation and acquisition of skills.

The project focuses on an analysis of the links between set up and performance of dual training in six countries. Based on information gathered from questionnaires and interviews, all partners compiled country studies, and these were used as background documents for the underlying synthesis report.

For the purpose of comparative research it was decided to restrict the eligibility of dual training programs to two core elements, as a basis for a definition of dual training.

In each country data were collected about the set up and performance of dual training at three levels:

  • macro (structure of vocational training, developments and regulations at national level);
  • meso (dual training for carpenters);
  • micro (dual training course for carpentry in one region). 
"... Because of the small scale of the research, the methods used are qualitative rather than quantitative. Therefore, the study provides no hard scientific evidence of causal relations between set up and performance. The study aims to create a better insight into the influence of the set up on the outcome of dual training." (EIM International et al., 2000, pp. 7, 8, 9, 11, 12)
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