Investigating educational issues across Europe (ACROSS Base)
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Project IMMIGRATION - Immigration as a challenge for settlement policies and education: Evaluation studies for cross-cultural teacher training
Overview "The basic aim of this project was to examine the responses of the educational systems, especially the training of teachers, to the increase in cultural diversity, and to promote cohesion among teacher training institutions throughout Europe in their work in cross-cultural teacher training."

The partners carried out national policy studies and institutional case studies. Methodologically identical empirical studies served to examine the settlement policies and outcomes of higher education institutions. These studies made use of both quantitative and qualitative methods. In every country, the partners made an inventory of the policy documents, and collected data through closed questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. They carried out qualitative content analyses of policy documents, and analysed the interview recordings by using interpretative content analysis. The data gathered through questionnaires were analysed with statistical tools (factor analysis, t-tests, Pearson correlation).

As part of the project, a computer mediated communication and learning programme was developed: ‘Open Europe’ (http://www.joensuu.fi/oe): The cross-national and cross-cultural discussion and collaboration within the OE course improved the students’ ability to cultural self-definition and self-understanding. (Pitkänen, 2000, pp. 15, 16, 19, 32, 33)

Insight The final report (Pitkänen, 2000) provides detailed description and discussion of the methodological approach, including the procedure adopted for conducting case studies, questionnaires and interviews, and for the comparative evaluation of evidence.
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