interdisciplinary and international nature of CHIP made a shared terminology
essential. One of the first results was that the use of terms such as "integration"
and "multicultural" were far less contested in new-immigration countries
(Italy and Greece, in CHIP) than in older immigration countries (Britain
and France, in CHIP). The research group sought a shared starting definition
that would comprise the target group, and a definition of well-being that
was not dependent on a model from a specific discipline.
The project, in fact, started with an analysis of the category 'child of
immigrant origin', in order to reach a definition of a conceptually useful
and valid target group. A precise and operational investigative category
at a European level was not available. Each CHIP partner prepared a national
report that included discussion of existing definitions in single countries.
[The] definition developed by CHIP in the first phases of research holds
valid in different countries of immigration [...:] The 'child of immigrant
origin is someone who is in a precarious state – in one or more of the
parameters of well-being – related to a displacement in recent family history'.
The CHIP definition of well-being started with a pyramidal concept. The
base of the pyramid is the dimension of material well-being. At this lowest
level, the corresponding indicators are of well-being itself (adequate
income, housing, health, etc.). This level also includes safety from violence.
Progressive levels reflect social and cultural dimensions of well-being
which underlie the principles of European culture, and can be considered
as social inclusion. These include education and social participation.
Here, the indicators are important in that they measure the personal resources
necessary for social inclusion. Finally, the highest level of the pyramid
of well-being is the development of an successful identity and capacity
for productive interaction in the European arrival society. In this case,
well-being is not resource-dependent but reflects the successful resolution
of developmental stages." (FONDAZIONE CENSIS, 2000, pp. 1f., 7, 15, 25)