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Investigating educational issues across Europe (ACROSS Base)
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Method Terminology: Shared terminology (CHIP)
Description "The interdisciplinary and international nature of CHIP made a shared terminology essential. One of the first results was that the use of terms such as "integration" and "multicultural" were far less contested in new-immigration countries (Italy and Greece, in CHIP) than in older immigration countries (Britain and France, in CHIP). The research group sought a shared starting definition that would comprise the target group, and a definition of well-being that was not dependent on a model from a specific discipline.

... The project, in fact, started with an analysis of the category 'child of immigrant origin', in order to reach a definition of a conceptually useful and valid target group. A precise and operational investigative category at a European level was not available. Each CHIP partner prepared a national report that included discussion of existing definitions in single countries.

... [The] definition developed by CHIP in the first phases of research holds valid in different countries of immigration [...:] The 'child of immigrant origin is someone who is in a precarious state in one or more of the parameters of well-being related to a displacement in recent family history'.

... The CHIP definition of well-being started with a pyramidal concept. The base of the pyramid is the dimension of material well-being. At this lowest level, the corresponding indicators are of well-being itself (adequate income, housing, health, etc.). This level also includes safety from violence. Progressive levels reflect social and cultural dimensions of well-being which underlie the principles of European culture, and can be considered as social inclusion. These include education and social participation. Here, the indicators are important in that they measure the personal resources necessary for social inclusion. Finally, the highest level of the pyramid of well-being is the development of an successful identity and capacity for productive interaction in the European arrival society. In this case, well-being is not resource-dependent but reflects the successful resolution of developmental stages." (FONDAZIONE CENSIS, 2000, pp. 1f., 7, 15, 25)

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