'Good practice' in schemes of dual qualification
 (grouped according to the three aspects of quality,
with the countries noted in brackets)
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Curriculum/ competence development
  • broad general and basic vocational content in educational programmes (CZ);
  • integration of vocational and general learning objectives/ subjects (DE/ EL);
  • flexibility concerning study times (FI);
  • focus on everyday work in classes and pedagogy for new competences (NO);
  • dynamic and innovation in schools (PT);
Education system/ educational mobility
  • participation of large age group (CZ, NO, SE);
  • attractiveness for high-achievers (DE, FI);
  • common certification for various dually qualifying pathways (AT);
  • enhancement of educational mobility between general and vocational lines (FI);
  • progression route into higher education (En);
Labour market/ occupational mobility
  • close cooperation with industry (DE);
  • social promotion and employability through professional diploma (PT);
  • work-place training as factor for gaining employment (SE);
Both educational and occupation mobility
  • combination of different types of dual qualifications for individual target groups (CZ);
  • both access to higher education and entry to occupational practice (EL, FI, NL);
  • shared responsibility of school authorities and working life organisations (NO).

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 First set up 24/04/2000
Latest update: 24/04/2000
 Contact: Sabine Manning