AT [+ FR] + DE
Careers in Austria and Germany (Bavaria)
Werner Kusch & Monika Thum-Kraft
of the updated topic study - September 1999
chapter investigates typical vocational and educational career paths of
participants taking qualifications with a dual orientation towards skilled
employment and higher educa-tion in Austria and Germany(Bavaria).
In Germany(Bavaria) this double qualification is offered via a pilot project
within the dual system (vocational training at the workplace and in the
vocational school) and in Austria as adult school supplementary training,
while stu-dents work full-time during the day.
The evaluation evidence is drawn from survey data. The German data stem from the re-sults of the evaluation of the Bavarian double qualification pilot project, involving dual vocational training and attainment of a Fachhochschule diploma. As of summer 1999, ap-proximately 168 participants of business technology-related professions had taken part in the pilot project and attained qualifications for admission to higher studies at a German Fachhochschule. In contrast to the full-time German route, Austrian participants receive evening and weekend training at professional academies (WIFI-Fachakademien), while working full-time on the job. The Austrian data were drawn from approximately 270 use-able questionaires (out of a total of 750) which were received by late July, 1997.
Within this context it should be noted that Austrian WIFI Professional Academies do not constitute state-administered vocational pathways, but rather comprise educational oppor-tunities initiated by the Austrian business world and made available by and offered through private industry. In Germany, the vocational training comprises a combination of volun-tary/elective and mandatory aspects including general education oriented content (within the context of initial vocational training), while Austria offers a vocational/general educa-tion adult education programme for 'older' employees (participants, on average, are 25 years old). Accordingly, the contents and demands placed on participants vary tremen-dously. On all two routes, however, participants have the opportunity of attaining not only vocational accreditation, but also the right to be admitted to an institution of higher study.
summary, these new double qualification routes appeared broadly successful
in each of the two contexts. All two vocational education programmes
furthered the vocational and general educational qualifications, and thus
the professional mobility of their participants. Three-quarters
of those involved in the German pilot project would again choose to partici-pate
in such an up-to-date training programme. Two-thirds of Austrian
graduates were similarly positive about their WIFI programme of study,
with this figure rising to 86% among those who had progressed to university.
The way these double qualifications were utilised in practice, however,
did vary between the contexts.
In Austria, only 37% of WIFI graduates made use of their university eligibility, the vast majority continued working at their company, as they had only been studying part-time. Those who had passed their university entrance examination, but did not proceed to take up studies, listed the following reasons: lack of time; no professional advantages in sight; too theoretical; doesn't fit my career planning; and family-related reasons. Nonetheless, 74% of all questioned reported benefits in terms of professional development. Nearly half changed their levels or areas of responsibility which, for the most part, entailed being pro-moted to a position as department head, assistant manager, branch manager, manager or taking up a new sphere of responsibility. One out of every six graduates were able to im-prove their financial standing. Also quite interesting to note is that Austrian women were more likely to pass their university qualification examination than their male counterparts.
to DUOQUAL folder
Back to overview of topics
of the page
First set up 08/12/1999
Latest update: 08/12/1999
Contact: Sabine Manning