Newsletter for European Research in Learning and Work [L&W]

Newsletter for European Research in Learning and Work [L&W]

Edition: December 2012 [www.news.wifo-gate.org][Impressum]

[Conferences] [Networks] [Programmes] [Projects] [Publications]

Dear Colleagues

This is the latest edition of the L&W Newsletter, which will reach you via a mailing list of over 1200 experts in and beyond Europe. As always, it focuses on transnational research activities in the field of human resource development (HRD) and vocational education and training (VET), centred on major categories: conferences, networks/ centres, programmes, projects and publications. Many thanks to all who contributed information for this edition of the Newsletter!

Particularly worth noting in this edition are several calls for papers related to major conferences announced for 2013, including the Nordic conference on Adult Learning in Reykjavik (March), the HELIX conference in Linköping (June), the conference on Critical Management Studies/ Critical HRD in Manchester (June), the conference on Myths and Brands in Vocational Education in Tampere (June), the JVET conference on Researching Vocational Education and Training in Oxford (July) and ECER/VETNET in Istanbul (September).

The next edition of the Newsletter will appear in early February 2013. You are invited to submit short pieces of news (texts of 100 to 200 words, without attachments, but including links to web resources) - please by 31 January 2013 at the latest!

With best wishes
Sabine Manning
Research Forum WIFO
Editor of the L&W Newsletter 


Fifth Nordic Conference on Adult Learning - March 5-6th 2013

The theme of the conference, to be held in Reykjavik, Iceland, is "A Theory of Practice". We hope to create a meeting point between researchers and practitioners where we can inspire interesting and useful discussions on the effect of theory and research on practice, and the inspiration that practice gives to theory and research on adult learning in its widest scope. People who are interested in all fields of adult learning tend to research and/or theorize about practical aspects of adult learning, be it in the workplace, in schools and other organized situations or self-directed. And people who have earlier participated in the Nordic Conferences on Adult Learning have been asking for a meeting between practitioners and researchers. So our aim now is to inspire discussions around research and the theory of adult learning and its connection to the practice with participants from both fields. We welcome presentations on finished or on-going research and theory-building on adult learning as well as presentations on practical cases where research or theory has inspired a specific practice, with the aim of creating interesting discussions about the relationship between theory and practice. More information: http://fifth.ncoal.org/
(Posted by Hróbjartur Árnason hrobjartur@hi.is via the ESREA mailing list)

Reminder: International HELIX Conference 
"Innovative Practices in Work, Organisation and Regional Development – Problems and Prospects", June 12 – 14, 2013, Linköping, Sweden
We remind you that the final day for submitting your abstract to the conference is 15th January 2013. We would like to encourage you to submit abstracts of conceptually or empirically focused proposals as well as practitioner papers (e.g. case studies) on the following sub-themes: Innovative Work Systems for Production, Products and Services; Learning and Innovation at Work; Health, Work Ability and Competence; New Forms of Organisation - New Ways to Organise; Entrepreneurship and Regional Development; Managing Projects - Measuring Impacts. Information about the content of the sub-themes and the events being organized for the International HELIX Conference can be found at: www.helixconference2013.com.
(Received from: Per-Erik Ellström per-erik.ellstrom@liu.se)

EDEN Annual Conference 2013
The Joy of Learning: Enhancing Learning Experience - Improving Learning Quality, 12-15 June 2013, University of Oslo
E-learning, open and distance education have been increasingly important fields of intellectual excitement and innovative development. The challenges posed by the new technologies are permanent, and students constantly keep teachers under pressure to develop. The human elements are moving to the forefront, employing creative methods and smart solutions. How can we do our best to make learning a thrilling experience for learners, including providing a sense of joy in the virtual classroom? The EDEN 2013 Conference will discover and present the latest best practice in this field, share progressive concepts, inventive solutions and promote collaboration. Deadline for submission of proposals – 5 February 2013. Read the full announcement here: http://www.eden-online.org/
(Posted by: Eva Suba suba@eden-online.org)

The 8th International Conference in Critical Management Studies - July 10th-12th 2013
Sub-Stream Call for Papers: Critical HRD - The role of HRD in economic crisis: Global (macro) and local (micro) perspectives on HRD as co-conspirator, disinterested profession or facilitator of resistance. 
This stream aims to attract papers that address HRD as a global (macro) phenomenon; e.g. through competing models of management, leadership and talent development offered by large, global consultancy firms and the emergence of a global market for management education; alongside papers which examine more individual and single organisation (micro) based experience utilising similar concepts. Given the interest here in global HRD and a global market for management education, papers concerned with critical management pedagogy will be accepted as within the scope of the stream. The convenors intend to produce a publication based on accepted papers and have the established connections with journals and publishers to realise this aim. 
Key Dates: Proposals in the form of abstracts submitted to Professor Jim Stewart (jim.stewart@coventry.ac.uk)  by 31st January 2013; Decisions communicated by 22nd February 2013; 3-Full papers submitted to lead convenor by 1st May 2013; Conference 10th-12th July 2013 at Manchester. See www.meeting.co.uk/confercare/cms2013/proposals.html for more details. 
(Posted by: Jim Stewart)

Myths and Brands in Vocational Education -
The 20th Anniversary Conference of the Vocational Education and Culture research network and the 2nd Conference for the History of Vocational Education in Europe, 14th -18th June, 2013 in Tampere
It seems that by 2013 the triumph of industry- and market-relevant learning in all education and in all parts of the world is clear-cut. Different models of (vocational) education are on sale at global skills mall, while traditional solutions in relating work and education lose their credibility. Researchers engage in ranking and bench-marking educational systems, in developing quality-assurance and evaluation tools for their trans-national bargaining. When the Vocational Education and Culture research network was initiated at the turn of the 1990s, research – especially historicizing and cross-cultural - on vocational education gained hardly any interest among academics. However, in a few years the situation changed dramatically. The number of studies assessing and comparing countries' performance in learning and qualification grew rapidly and a flora of new VET researchers mushroomed everywhere.
For revisiting the past 20 years of VET and Culture research, the Finnish research teams welcome abstracts and suggestions for panel discussions or symposia, with a historicizing and culturally contextualizing approach, by 1st December 2012, as email attachments (max 1 page, word or pdf-document) to Anja Heikkinen (anja.heikkinen@uta.fi). Announcement on acceptance of abstracts and suggestions, and more details about programme with practical information, will follow in January 2013. More information: http://www.peda.net/veraja/uta/vetculture/
(Posted by: Anja Heikkinen)

Call for papers: ECER 2013 incl. VETNET programme - Istanbul (Turkey) 9-13 September 2013
The European Educational Research Association and Bahcesehir University Istanbul, Turkey, invite educational researchers to participate in and to submit proposals for the European Conference on Educational Research 2013 (Emerging Researchers'  Conference: 9 - 10 Sept; Main Conference:  10-13 Sept). The conference theme "Creativity and innovation in educational research" will provide a focus for the keynote addresses and for other invited events. However, proposals for contributions are welcome from all fields of educational research. The European research network in vocational education and training (VETNET) particularly invites proposals related to its major research areas (see network page: http://www.eera.de/networks/network2/). Participants are requested to hand in up to two abstracts for papers, posters, workshops, round tables and symposia - deadline: 01 February 2013 (all proposals to be submitted online!). ECER 2013 website: www.eera-ecer.de/ecer2013
(Contributed by: Sabine Manning )

NOTE: Forthcoming and recent events related to European research in work and learning are listed on the WIFO Conference page [www.conferences.wifo-gate.org]. 
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4th Quality Network Conference

"Qualification as a way to quality: Professionalization of quality managers in VET". Vienna (Austria), 3.12.2012
The 4th Quality Network Conference will at the same time function as the final conference of  the European VET-CERT project (www.VET-CERT.at) - hence its title "Qualification as a way to quality: Professionalisation of quality managers in VET". The objectives of the conference include: Presentation of the results of VET-CERT project and testing the framework curriculum; Focusing on those with functions in QM and their qualification requirements within the QM; Promote quality management in educational institutions; Enhance self-initiative and networking possibilities; Reach out to the target groups beyond the school-based VET, especially from the dual system. The conference will be organised by ARQA-VET, in cooperation with BMUKK and the VET-CERT partnership. More information is available here: www.qualitaet-in-der-berufsbildung.at
(Posted by: Karin Luomi-Messerer luomi-messerer@3s.co.at)

Apprenticeship week with international conference
The National Apprenticeship Service (NAS) has end-to-end responsibility for apprenticeships in England and has been designed to increase the number of apprenticeship opportunities and provide a dedicated, responsive service for both employers and learners. Each year we hold an Apprenticeship week. This is a weeklong promotion and celebration of apprenticeships in England. The week is designed to celebrate the countless achievements of apprentices and employers, and call on more organisations and individuals to get involved. 
During this week, we take the opportunity to add an international dimension to our activities by hosting an International Apprenticeship Conference. This conference is quickly becoming recognised as one of the premier international annual apprenticeship conferences. It will take place in Central London on March 14th 2013 during the Apprenticeship week. The theme of the conference is "How Apprenticeships support Economic Growth", with a particular focus on assistance for small and medium sized employers. The conference aims to attract a large number of participants from across the world as well as key government officials and visitors from the business and education sector in England. Please contact Ingrid Fischer, Ingrid.fischer@apprenticeships.gov.uk or +44 207 9040753, for further information and to secure your place at the conference.
(Received from: Ingrid Fischer)

Advancing European Traditions of Entrepreneurship Studies 
A Research Development Workshop 18-19 March 2013 Leeds (UK)
This Workshop may be of particular interest to researchers in entrepreneurship, organisation studies, critical studies or broader social sciences and humanities disciplines who are interested in looking at the phenomena of entrepreneurship from a variety of contexts and perspectives. The aim of this meeting is to provide a creative space to consider experimental and novel approaches which advance theoretical understanding of the domain of entrepreneurship and its real-life practices, contexts and impacts. Drawing on multi-disciplinary perspectives, including social sciences and humanities approaches, opportunities are sought to expose conceptual anomalies in current entrepreneurship research, while developing debate in dialogue with the mainstream of entrepreneurship science. Organised by the Universities of Leeds and Sheffield, the workshop will take place at an out-of-town retreat venue to ensure opportunities for fruitful discussion, involving confirmed speakers from the USA, Sweden, Luxembourg, Denmark, Switzerland and the UK. Closing Date for Applications: 15 December 2012 (limited places available). For more details and to apply, please visit: http://www.eventsforce.net/entrepstudies
(Posted by Richard Tunstall r.tunstall@leeds.ac.uk via the UFHRD mailing list)

VETNET - Proceedings of papers for ECER 2012
Papers from this year's VETNET programme at ECER (European Conference on Educational Research) have been published in the online Proceedings 2012 available at: http://www.ecer-vetnet-2012.wifo-gate.org/. Several of these papers offer insights into major issues of VET research across Europe, in particular work-based learning (Kämäräinen), school-workplace connectivity (Sappa et al.), measuring professional competency (Klotz et al.), social capital and VET (Hughes), inclusive education (Wltavsky), VET prestige and student aspirations (Markowitsch et al.), funding and stakeholders' roles (Dif at al.), school-leadership (Ashmawy), internationalising VET teacher education via blogspot.com (Henning Loeb), environmental awareness (Martinez Villar et al.) and financial literacy (Davies). Other papers present issues from a range of European countries, including the first ever proceedings paper from Croatia (Knezevic: Competence assessment of Baccalaureus students).
In addition to the annual Proceedings, an updated list of all the papers published so far (1998 to 2012), with a special index of cross-European papers, is accessible via the ECER VETNET Proceedings page (www.ecer-vetnet.wifo-gate.org).
(Contributed by: Sabine Manning)

Update on HRD conference papers
Papers presented at the European HRD Conference in May 2012 have just been included in the Conference Archives maintained by the University Forum for HRD on its website  since 2003 (http://www.ufhrd.co.uk/wordpress/category/conference-archives/). A special selection of those papers, with particular reference to HRD issues across Europe, is presented in an Overview (www.ehrd-papers.wifo-gate.org) provided as part of the WIFO Gateway. In addition to the Overview, a set of Charts show the pattern of 'European' HRD papers during the period 2003 to 2012, analysed by conference year, type of topic and author's country.  It is worth considering this presentation of HRD research in connection with the overview of ECER VETNET papers, in particular the review (1998-2010) of 'how European they are', available at the Proceedings page (www.ecer-vetnet.wifo-gate.org).
(Contributed by: Sabine Manning)

NOTE: References to research networks in the field of European work and learning are available on the WIFO page Networks at a glance [www.networks.wifo-gate.org].
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NOTE: Contributions are welcome for the next edition of the Directory of Doctoral Dissertations (www.ddd.wifo-gate.org), provided as part of the WIFO Gateway, which focuses on European research in the field of vocational education (VET) and human resource development (HRD). Please provide information on expected or newly completed doctoral dissertations investigating issues of HRD, VET or work-related adult education, according to the following pattern: 1*Theme of dissertation (original language AND English); 2*Year of (expected) completion or publication; 3*Author (name and email address); 4*Tutor (name and email address); 5*Institution of tutor (name and home page). Contributions should be posted by email to the editor (sm@wifo-gate.org).

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Call for Interest: European Project CARER+
An interdisciplinary and international team of 14 institutions launched the CARER+ project earlier this year for care-workers all around Europe. The project identifies and enhances ICT competences of care-workers who support older persons at home. In the next 3 years, scientific research, a competence framework, curriculum and training tools in theory and practice, training for trainers and policy exchange visits, as well as an open online learning space and community for care-workers, will be put in place to realise the challenging aims of the project. To help to achieve the objectives and outcomes of CARER+, the project partnership is issuing a 'Call for Interest' to stakeholders and users in the field to participate in the evaluation processes of the project during its lifecycle in order to support the Consortium. You have the right to speak and the opportunity to support the development of digital competences and digitally-supported professional skills for European care workers, and thus to enhance the quality of care provided for care recipients, if you identify yourself in the CARER+ users and stakeholders group. Read more on the project (http://www.carerplusproject.eu) and the details of the announcement.
(Posted by: Eva Suba suba@eden-online.org)

The 7EU-VET data set – A new source for cross-country comparative research on IVET
By the end of 2012, a new cross-country comparative micro data set, covering representative samples of IVET students in Austria, England, Germany, Greece, Lithuania, Latvia and Slovenia, will be made available via CESSDA (http://www.cessda.org) and the participating data archives respectively. The data set, collected mid 2011 and covering more than 17.000 individuals out of more than 1500 classes and 600 IVET schools, has been established within the 7EU-VET - Detailed Methodological Approach to Understanding Vocational Education and Training Systems project, a three year partnership led by the  University of Ljubljana and financed within the EU Lifelong Learning Programme. More information on the project, summary tables of the survey results and the final report (forthcoming) at: http://www.7eu-vet.org/. The data set covers a wide range of topics (see survey) and allows for detailed analysis of differences within and across participating countries. With the exception of England, it is possible to compare results between school classes, providing insight about the differences in perceptions and opinions of students sharing the same school environment. The data set, explored with regard to various selected topics (e.g. on the use of IT in IVET, on reported plans for further education), also leaves space for further analysis by the international research community. 
(Contributed by: Günter Hefler hefler@3s.co.at)

Workshop: Cross-country comparative results on IVET students' intentions to continue their studies in higher education will be presented at the workshop "Aufbruch zum Lebenslangen Lernen" on 3rd of December 2012,  in Vienna (see Info).

Retail Sector Competencies (ReSeCo)
In many European countries there are problems in the transition from the vocational training to the employment system, which result from deficits in self- and social skills. This particularly affects low-skilled young people, who are just before entry into professional life. The primary objective of the new EC innovation transfer project ReSeCo is to enhance the quality of vocational education and training in the retail sector and, in particular, young people's personal and social competencies. It constitutes an 'innovation transfer' of a set of teaching and learning arrangements (team work ability, time management, ability to deal with criticism, and evaluation of own performance), originally designed for German secondary schools, into vocational colleges in each of the four countries. In the light of changing skills needs in the labour market, the material is designed to develop the personal and social competencies of young people and thereby to facilitate the transition from school to work. The teaching and learning arrangements will be adapted according to the national contexts and implemented into vocational schools. They will subsequently be evaluated and revised as necessary. One of the key outcomes will be a module handbook for use in vocational schools across Europe. This is a timely project in the light of the increasing need for social competences in today's labour market. For more information see http://www.great.uni-koeln.de/16372.html?&L=1
(Posted by: Sabrina Theis Sabrina.Theis@uni-koeln.de)

DISCO – the Dictionary of Skills and Competences
DISCO is an online thesaurus of skills and competences that allows you to translate skills and competences into 10 European languages: English, French, German, Czech, Hungarian, Italian, Lithuanian, Slovak, Spanish, and Swedish. Besides skills and competence terms, the new DISCO thesaurus also includes short phraseological competence descriptions based on learning outcomes for the sectors environmental protection, information technology, health, social services, as well as for the non-domain specific area. The updated project website is available at www.disco-tools.eu. On the website the DISCO thesaurus can be browsed, and several European documents such as Europass CV, Europass Certificate Supplement, Europass Mobility and Occupational/Qualification Profiles can be filled in and translated by using DISCO terminology. DISCO supports these instruments by offering a variety of terms and phraseological competence statements to describe occupations, qualifications, skills and competence profiles. DISCO is an online tool and can be used by both individuals and experts, for example in the fields of vocational counselling, HR management, skills research, employment or vocational education and training. Contact: mueller@3s.co.at or ziegler@3s.co.at
(Posted by: Heidi Müller-Riedlhuber)

Trapped or Flexible?
The EU-funded project "Trapped or Flexible? Risk Transitions and Missing Policies for Young High-Skilled Workers in Europe", provides a detailed examination of the labour market condition of young people with tertiary-level qualifications (ISCED level equal to or greater than 5), who have been experiencing deskilling, precarious employment and unemployment in recent years. In order to better understand how and to what extent young highly-skilled workers in Europe are experiencing job insecurity, the project provided an overview on the current European labour market conditions, with a specific focus on Spain, Italy and the UK.  The case studies confirmed the different terms and conditions of such workers in these countries and the role of the flexicurity and welfare models in shaping the labour market position of young people. The Institute for Employment Studies provided the UK case study, where the main issue appears to be the skill mismatch and over-qualification, rather than temporary work. As a result of both the Great Recession of the late 2000s and its aftermath, in all three countries there has been a general worsening of labour market conditions and skill mismatch among young graduates (see also Info and Publication).
(Received from Lorna Hardy Lorna.Hardy@employment-studies.co.uk)

NOTE: Contributions are invited to update the Overview of European research projects [www.projects.wifo-gate.org], provided as part of the WIFO Gateway. The overview focuses on transnational research projects, mainly supported by EU programmes, in the areas of human resource development, vocational education, work and learning. Please send the following information to the editor (sm@wifo-gate.org):  (A) exact title and acronym (short name) of the project; (B) name and email address of the coordinator or main contact; (C) address of the website (or info page/ flyer) of the project.
(Contact and editor: Sabine Manning)

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Call for Papers: Researching Vocational Education and Training
The Conference Committee of the Journal of Vocational Education & Training (JVET) are pleased to be able to invite contributions to the highly successful biennial JVET conference. This year's meeting will take place at Worcester College, Oxford, UK, 5-7 July, 2013.
Contributions are welcome in the following areas of vocational and professional education and training: Globalization and skills; Vocational Education in times of crisis; Access to VET for minoritised groups; VET policy; The changing institutional context of VET; Curriculum and assessment in VET; The student experience of VET; Work-related Learning. Also, contributions to any area of debate in VET will be considered. 200 word abstracts of papers should be submitted by 31 January 2013. Acceptance will be notified by 28 February 2013. Email your abstract to Pete Sanderson (p.j.sanderson@hud.ac.uk). Enquiries about the Conference can be addressed to Bill Bailey (b.bailey@gre.ac.uk). More information at: http://www.jvetconferences.co.uk/
(Reference from: Lorna Unwin c/o Bill Bailey)

Book launch: The Future of VET in a changing world
Matthias Pilz (ed.) 2012. The Future of VET in a changing world. Springer
This book, based on the similarly titled conference held in autumn 2010, brings together a wide spectrum of approaches and methodologies relevant to international comparative vocational education and training. The sheer diversity of VET systems across the world, from North America to Europe, e.g. Poland or Denmark up to Asia (China, Japan, Korea and India), is demonstrated. This includes a deeper insight into the strengths and weaknesses of the various systems and prospects of VET. Since many VET experts from all over the world are involved in this research, this opens up the opportunity to learn from each other's advantages and mistakes. One example: in the debate on modularisation, the German-speaking countries like Germany, Switzerland, and Austria could have used the knowledge of the English-speaking countries, e.g. USA, Canada or UK, to accelerate the development for their system, but they did not and are now some ten years behind. Another important area is to do research on the parity of esteem between VET, which is often seen as being of secondary importance, and general education.
(Received from: Susanne Berger susanne.berger@uni-koeln.de)

Proceedings volume on the Futures of Adult Educators
Heikkinen, A.; Jögi, L.; Jütte, W. & Zarifis, G. (eds.) 2012. The Futures of Adult Educator(s): Agency, Identity and Ethos.
The book is based on the 2nd seminar of the ESREA ReNAdET and the 4th Trans-nationalization of Qualification Frameworks seminar of The Vocational Education and Culture networks, University of Tallinn, Estonia 9-11 November 2011. It reflects and discusses the identities, professional status and networking of different types of adult educators and related staff. The papers focus on: Perceptions of adult educators by adults students, policy makers and in public; Theoretical, political and practical discourses on adult educators; The future of adult education as an academic field; Context and environment of adult education and different 'types' of adult educators; Ownership of the adult educators' profession and professional borders: is there a professional future for adult educators?; Learning, becoming, being and growing as professional adult educator, including issues of ageing and gender.
(Contributed by: Anja Heikkinen anja.heikkinen@uta.fi)

Cedefop study on working and aging
Attitudes toward what used to be called "the demographic time bomb" are improving: Europe's ageing workforce is increasingly seen as a factor of growth and innovation. Yet while employers are fully aware that the workforce is ageing, they do little to prepare for this change, and certainly not enough to make the best of it. Cedefop's latest publication on Working and ageing: The benefits of investing in an ageing workforce (2012) collects papers that examine this 'ageing paradox' and show how investing in learning later in life can bring real benefits to companies as well as individuals. The papers cover, among other EU Member States, Germany, Italy, England, Austria and Belgium, but also look at developments in Canada and the USA; sectors discussed range from the pharmaceutical industry to retail. The papers collected in this publication emphasise that employers need first and foremost to develop 'demographic literacy', i.e. to understand how to create a learner-friendly environment for employees of all ages. Successful companies, research shows, take a life-cycle approach to active ageing, addressing the learning needs of employees from recruitment to retirement. 
(Posted by Cedefop via Newsletter no. 26 - November 2012)

New edition of International HRD
International Human Resource Development: Learning, Education and Training for Individuals and Organisations - John P.  Wilson, London: Kogan Page 2012.
The first edition of this book was one of the earlier textbooks addressing the subject of HRD. Now, this third edition is the first textbook to provide a thorough exploration of international human resource development. In particular, it attempts to broaden the field of HRD within human capital development and encourages joined-up thinking by integrating learning, training, education and development. There is also a strong case for bringing the disciplines of education, training, development and coaching closer because many of the theories which underpin them are common. Furthermore, many of the trainers, teachers, tutors, coaches, mentors, consultants and organisation development specialists naturally move between these disciplines. The reality is that the landscape of international HRD is a dynamic one which responds to individual, group, organisational, national and international learning requirements. This edition, like the previous ones, is designed to provide a bridge between theory and practice. The theories inform and guide practice, and practice provides empirical evidence about what works and does not work thus leading to a refinement of the theories. Also, the various chapters have been mapped against the CIPD standards to enable students to swiftly identify areas which they need to study. As Kurt Lewin said, "There is nothing so practical as a good theory."
(Received from: John P. Wilson j.p.wilson@sheffield.ac.uk)

Deducing a taxonomy of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness
A comparative study of effective and ineffective managerial behaviour across three EU countries - by T. Patel & R. G. Hamlin, published in Human Resource Development International, 15 (5) 2012 (http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13678868.2012.726539)
Much is known from research about management and leadership.  But few studies have explored managerial behaviour that differentiates highly effective managers from least effective/ineffective managers.  Even fewer studies have examined managerial behaviour across organizations, organizational sectors and countries.  The vast majority of this research has been conducted in the USA, and the resulting US centric 'models' and 'measures' have been tested and generalised to non-US cultures through imposed-etic research which some experts argue is problematic.  In contrast, together with co-researchers in a range of culturally diverse countries, we are seeking to demonstrate, through derived-etic and empirical generalization research, the existence of 'near universal' behavioural criteria of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness, by integrating the findings of country-specific emic replication studies carried out by indigenous researchers.  Our recent EU-related multiple case, cross-sector, and cross-nation study, in which we deduced a behavioural taxonomy of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness (see Patel & Hamlin, 2012), is one small step in that direction.  Together with Professor Regina Mulder at the University of Regensburg and other co-researchers, we are conducting additional emic replication studies in France, Germany, Ireland and hopefully in other EU countries, with the aim of testing and refining our deduced taxonomy. 
(Received from: Bob Hamlin R.G.Hamlin@wlv.ac.uk)

The Discourses of Vocational Education and Training: a developmental response from a European perspective
Article by Aurora López-Fogués, published in the European Educational Research Journal, Volume 11, Number 4, 2012 (http://www.wwwords.co.uk/eerj/content/pdfs/11/issue11_4.asp).
This paper aims to outline the range of discourses around formal Vocational Education and Training (VET). Based on the underpinning philosophical accounts of each of these, it presents three ways of approaching VET in the literature. The twofold aim of this paper is not only reviewing the literature but also recommending a conceptual shift that leads to further theoretical discussion. The discussion is organized around the existence of these three seemingly contradictory accounts in the management of VET: one centred in economic growth; one concerned about the experiences of students and professionals; and one that focuses on the social implications of those involved in this education. The paper concludes that, while there has been a degree of convergence between the three, social justice issues remain unsolved due to the eagerness for pursuing measurable results, while neglecting individual heterogeneity as part of a rich society. Building on some core concepts of the Capability Approach developed by Amartya Sen and later Martha Nussbaum, the paper takes a step beyond the language of outcomes and reframes VET foundations through the lens of human development. For more information, please contact: aurora.fogues@nottingham.ac.uk
(Received from: Aurora López-Fogués)

Subordinating careers to market forces?
A critical analysis of  European career guidance policy - by Ingela Bergmo-Prvulovic, published in the European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning for Adults, Vol 3, No. 2, 2012. (http://www.rela.ep.liu.se/issues/10.3384rela.2000-7426.201232/rela0072/)
A more fragmented working life has entailed recurring transitions for adults. Guidance practitioners in different countries and settings often serve as support to adults transitioning between different educational and working settings. An increased focus on career guidance policy-making has emerged, where career guidance is recognized to play an important role in implementing lifelong learning strategies in European countries. However, conceptual confusion regarding career and career development and lack of clarity concerning the aims of career guidance practice creates uncertainty and challenges for practitioners and clients. Therefore this study explores language regarding career and career development in European policy documents on career guidance in order to disclose underlying view(s) of these phenomena conveyed in the texts. The characterization of career phenomena conveyed in the texts falls into four categories: contextual change, environment-person correspondence, competence mobility, and empowerment. An economic perspective on career dominates, followed by learning and political science perspectives. Policy formulations convey contradictory messages and a form of career "contract" that appears to subordinate individuals´ careers to market forces, while attributing sole responsibility for career to individuals.
(Received from: Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic Ingela.bergmo-prvulovic@hlk.hj.se)

NOTE:  The WIFO Gateway provides the following updates on publications: "From the Journals" - Overview of articles on cross-European issues in VET and HRD research [www.articles.wifo-gate.org], selected from European and international Journals related to education research [www.journals.wifo-gate.org], and  the WIFO Bookshelf [www.books.wifo-gate.org], a collection of references to publications focusing on cross-European issues of work and learning. 
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Editor of the L&W Newsletter: Dr Sabine Manning, Research Forum WIFO (sm@wifo-gate.org);

Address: Neue Blumenstr. 1, D-10179 Berlin, Germany;
Editions of the L&W Newsletter: six times a year, every two months (at the beginning of February, April, June, August, October, December);
Deadline for contributions to the L&W Newsletter: end of January, March, May, July, September, November;
Circulation of the current L&W Newsletter: about 1200 experts in 40 countries (mostly Europe);
Details and Archive of the L&W Newsletter [www.news.wifo-gate.org].
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 Editor: Sabine Manning © WIFO