have proposed to conduct a research project relative to SME's capacity
to sustain an endogenous development with innovative activities in Less
Favoured Regions, through the analysis of four functions: local development,
entrepreneurship, co-ordination, and technological learning.
defend the concept that technological change can only be discussed in a
context of interface between institutional interaction (improvement in
organisational methods) and historical local development (the learning
process). The advantages resulting from interchanges give origin to innovative
processes. So, in other terms, besides the intrinsic capacity of the enterprise
to innovate, there is the environmental adequacy to innovate.
emphasis has been put on the analyses of local development in the literature,
particularly the role of innovation and its diffusion in the regional or
local development. In the bibliographic research we found several comments
that could be used to frame this important discussion, even if in general,
the studied contexts refer to factors that can be detected in regions that
do not suffer from handicaps attributed to their peripheral situations.
Certain regions contain a set of local actors and institutions able to
better perceive constrains and opportunities to integrate know-how skills,
and other capacities able to help the environment to generate and diffuse
new information or techniques. Others do not.
that the economic space is a relational space, also the peripheries are
fields of social interactions, interpersonal synergies and social collective
actions. In isolated spaces, the lack of creativity and innovative attitudes
is the result of a deficient collective learning. In such 'local territories',
the social interactions work well only if their enterprises (SMEs)’ environment
is as rich as in the core regions, contributing to technological and organisational
learning. An issue to raise is to know how actors are able, in peripheral
regions, to involve in collective and successful co-ordinated attitudes,
mainly a collective learning allowing catching up in the spatial division
of labour. 'Weak learners' (peripheral regions and firms) need a deep change
in their environment in these territories:
among agents is a tool for building up social capital, only in a learning
economy. Learning in Less Favoured Regions will come out if it is openly
declared the most important immaterial investment in the cohesion politics.
The necessary collective learning is organised trough a lot of conventions,
in formal or informal forms, environmentally linked and therefore territorially
In a lagging
'local territory', the need is to eradicate lacks of several competencies:
in economic and technological policy, in specialised training, in consultancy,
in technological resources, etc. – in marketing and markets’ organisational
governance, studies, data bases, information, institutions.
SMEs located in a lagging 'local territory', the need for a more active
environment will find out appropriate answers if changes in the 'local
territory' is achieved through better co-ordination with regional territories.
All the capabilities of a learning economy should be provided: a set of
various innovative networks, organisational supports for the learning of
tacit knowledge in combination with codified knowledge, an entrepreneurship