most common US definitions of HRD have influenced definitions around the
world, yet these definitions are also influenced by the context in which
they have emerged.
in national culture are reflected in the definitions, including the influence
of the economy and of government and legislation, and of professional organisations.
Definitions of HRD from the following European countries have been analysed:
there appears to be a difference in both the perception and practice of
HRD in local companies compared with multinational companies, with the
latter being much more likely to be influenced by their home countries.
the term of 'developpement social' is often used as a synonym of HRD;
the field corresponding to HRD is marked by a training industry, consultants
and personnel specialists;
HRD is related to all training and development interventions that are made
to create and further develop human expertise within the context of an
HRD is associated with personnel staffing, selection and training, the
focus being on managing the employee pool rather than helping individual
employees to develop;
elements of HRD include activities and processes having an impact on organisational
and individual learning.