effects of supervisor support on transfer of training
J M Nijman, Wim J Nijhof, Ida Wognum & Bernard P Veldkamp; University
of Twente, The Netherlands
is assumed that one of the most important conditions for training to be
transferred to the job consists of the support that trainees receive from
supervisors. Empirical results of research provide no clear confirmation
of the relationship between supervisor support and transfer, however, an
explanation for which might be that possible interdependence with other
transfer-influencing factors has often been overlooked. In the study described
here the effects of supervisor support on transfer outcomes were examined
from a systemic point of view, taking into account the effects of other
relevant work environment, trainee and training characteristics.
Results of analyses of questionnaire responses from 179 trainees and 32
supervisors indicate that the effects of supervisor support on transfer
of training are positive, but merely slight and indirect. Support from
supervisors does lead to perceptions of a more positive transfer climate,
which, on its turn, increases transfer outcomes as well as that it enlarges
trainees’ motivation to transfer. On the other hand, support from supervisors
also has a direct negative effect on trainees’ motivation to transfer.
Learning outcomes have the strongest positive effect on transfer outcomes,
while trainees’ motivation to transfer and the transfer climate also positively
predict transfer outcomes.
presented at the 6th international conference on HRD research and practice
across Europe: Human resource development - addressing the value. Leeds
25-27 May 2005. (Abstract; full paper incl. in CD-ROM).