priorities in Europe
on 11 large manufacturing and process companies in 7 European countries
emphasised 'high skill-level workers' as the backbone of the enterprise;
they also assigned an important role to collective trade union representation
and the influence of national government support frameworks.
terms of competence profiles, the European professional/ occupational identity
approach is situated mid-way between the individualistic job orientation
of the USA and the corporatist/ company/ job for life perspective of Japan.
free market competition is challenging European work-related values; the
development of flexible workers is a direct challenge to the notion of
'profession' or 'occupation' (professional/ occupational identity).
high skill-level workers;
collective trade union representation;
professional/ occupational identity approach
1999, pp. 21f.; based on Docherty et al.