role of HR professionals in Europe
between Europe and USA
historical role and development of HR professionals varies considerably
across Europe, as do their career paths. In the UK a strong professional
body representing both HRM and HRD practitioners regulates initial training.
Elsewhere in Europe this does not happen, and HR professionals can undergo
very different training. In Germany for instance the extensive legal responsibility
of HRM professional for collective employee relations necessitates a strong
legal training, while their counterparts in HRD are more likely to have
a background in adult education or psychology. There are also differences
in the extent to which HR activities are contracted out (very high in the
Netherlands and Belgium) and also in the extent to which HR responsibilities
are devolved to line managers (particularly high in in the UK and Denmark,
but much less so in France).
professionals; HRM and HRD practitioners; training
et al. 1994 referred to by Woodall et al.
2001a, p. 341