of the project 'Tacit forms of key competences for changing employment
opportunities' are discussed, including the issue of recognising these
competences and thereby improving the job opportunities of unemployed people.
KE(?)]: The main value of tacit forms of key competences lies in personal
awareness, in identifying one's own competences, even if little direct
appreciation for entering a job is involved (for women, direct effects
tend to be limited to caring and similar work).
There is a problem implicit in the effort promoted by CEDEFOP of codifying
or certifying informal learning: in this context the tacit key competences
are becoming exposed to external demands and stratifications; this may
destroy the quality of these competences; also this approach may be considered
to be paternalistic and even perceived as a form of surveillance.
There is also a political aspect: if people after experiencing certification
of their tacit competences are unable to enter a job they may perceive
this, even more so, as their own personal inability rather than as a problem
of the labour market.
the main research results of the 'Tacit Key' project see the overview (Heidegger
et al. 2000) and a UK perspective (Evans
2001b). Further research on informal learning and its recognition,
including the background to CEDEFOP policies, is presented in the resource
base on lifelong learning (LLL Research Base).
VETNET: Lille Sept 01: Symposium 'Key qualifications'