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Issue Tacit key competences
Outline Outcomes of the project 'Tacit forms of key competences for changing employment opportunities' are discussed, including the issue of recognising these competences and thereby improving the job opportunities of unemployed people.
Debate [TO/ KE(?)]: The main value of tacit forms of key competences lies in personal awareness, in identifying one's own competences, even if little direct appreciation for entering a job is involved (for women, direct effects tend to be limited to caring and similar work). 
[XX]: There is a problem implicit in the effort promoted by CEDEFOP of codifying or certifying informal learning: in this context the tacit key competences are becoming exposed to external demands and stratifications; this may destroy the quality of these competences; also this approach may be considered to be paternalistic and even perceived as a form of surveillance. 
[XX]: There is also a political aspect: if people after experiencing certification of their tacit competences are unable to enter a job they may perceive this, even more so, as their own personal inability rather than as a problem of the labour market.
Reference For the main research results of the 'Tacit Key' project see the overview (Heidegger et al. 2000) and a UK perspective (Evans 2001b). Further research on informal learning and its recognition, including the background to CEDEFOP policies, is presented in the resource base on lifelong learning (LLL Research Base).
Event ECER/ VETNET: Lille Sept 01: Symposium 'Key qualifications'
Descriptors D-CDO            
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Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO