Competence evaluation and training
assumption of the original ‘vision’ for COMPETE was that it would be possible
to develop a common ‘content model’. This would provide the framework
for the assessment constructs and instruments used in the skills auditing
methodology. It would specify the common ‘content’ underlying taxonomies
of basic and cross-job skills, and would be applicable across different
The results of the COMPETE research makes it clear that such a ‘common
content model’ is both unfeasible and undesirable, because, in line with
common occupational and skills standardisation systems, a common content
model would have to accommodate the complex cultural and organisational
‘patrimonies’ that shape the language of skills across different EU states.
Secondly, most organisations, both large and small, have a global
skills system which is very closely tailored to fit their specific product
and process mix, and they train internally to this model. Content has to
be adaptive both to the organisational and socio-cultural context in which
it operates, and also to changes in the evolution of work.
The COMPETE ‘content model’ envisages an ‘institutional framework’ that
provides the environment for the development of an ‘evolving knowledge
base’ of skills, centred around a common cores set of competence indicators.
Five indicative ‘scenarios of use’ are targeted by COMPETE. These
incorporate key target user groups in typical settings that exemplify problems
of ‘skills gaps’ affecting labour mobility and economic competitiveness
in the EU. The scenarios of use are as follows:
The five scenarios represent ‘archetypal’ configurations of a broader system
of European-wide skills development and monitoring networks that would
need to put into place to promote the ‘European Skills Development Network’
(E*NET). This in effect constitutes the COMPETE ‘content model’.
The five scenarios represent ‘access points’ to this network, and localised
adaptations of the COMPETE content model (Cullen
2001, pp. 57, 58, 62).
1: Support for Migrant Workers;
2: ‘New Jobs for Old’ - Tools for Inter-regional partnerships;
3: ‘New Opportunities for the Long Term Unemployed’ - Public Employment
Service support tools;
4: ‘Human Resources Developer’ - Valorising the Company Asset Base;
5: ‘The Mobile Citizen’ - Cross Border Electronic Credentials Authentication
details of the conceptual framework of the project, in particular
the content model and related tools, are set out in the final report (Cullen
2001, pp. 57-65); the methodological background includes a comparative
analysis of policy and taxonomies across Europe (Cullen
2001, pp. 29-37).
also project info on COMPETE.