is important that further consideration is given to the learning gap.
We need to consider how it is defined and the limits to the public and
private interventions that are already in play in the training market.
Understanding the drivers that guide expenditure, the involvement of individuals
and businesses and results obtained from lifelong learning will help develop
improved approaches to the funding of lifelong learning and the integration
of the employed and unemployed to the benefit of both groups.
problem remains regarding the measure of the socially desirable investment
in education and training, both national and that of enterprises. In this
vein, one of the most recent European initiatives relating to the long-term
strategic development of national human resources has been the introduction
in the Netherlands of compulsory vocational qualification for all, including
employees, with the cost of this to be shared equally by the government
and relevant industry sectors – for example as a different funding system
(Uhrig et al. 2000, p.5, 6 ).