sharing in organisations, as exemplified in the KALIF approach, faces
a number of challenges and risks including the following:
the challenge of profound change. A KALIF application aims at boosting
knowledge sharing across boundaries, in particular across the boundaries
of the organisational units that form the focal group. In some ways the
KALIF application tries to remove those boundaries by bringing about a
real community of practice.
the issue of trust. In knowledge sharing several types of risk are
involved. There is for instance the risk that you put in more knowledge
than others and that you want to be sure that you get the credit for the
input made. Also, giving away knowledge might reduce your power. These
potential risks call for a general approach to risk reduction.
the challenge of measurement. A KALIF application costs money. In
order to justify these expenses the effects of the application should be
measured. The amount of shared knowledge can be measured, but it is hard
to measure the effect on performance. Since there is no norm reference
base, a specific evaluation system needs to be established (Kelleher
et al. 2001, pp. 30f. 33, 34f.).