and training, new job skill needs and the low-skilled
and occupation reveal some interesting skill patterns of training.
In Germany and France, the industries and occupations with the highest
training rates are typically manual and traditionally low-skill, such as
construction, wholesale/retail trade and hotels and restaurants with respect
to industry, and craft workers, shop workers and agricultural workers in
terms of occupation. In the Netherlands and the UK the same industries
and occupations emerge as frequent trainers, but they are joined by more
professional, high skill industries, such as finance, health/social work
and education, and occupations such as professionals and technicians or
associate professionals. In Sweden in particular, and to a lesser extent
in Portugal, it is the latter, professional industries that dominate in
terms of their training rates (McIntosh 1999,
issues in tackling the problems of the low-skilled are addressed under
also project info on NEWSKILLS.