VET&HRD
 
VET and HRD research in European countries > Profile  [Areas]    [1]    [2]    [3]    [4]    [5]    [6]    [7]

Profile  [0]  Areas of VET and HRD research in European countries

Country outlines  [AT] [BE] [BG] [CY] [CZ] [DE] [DK] [EE] [ES] [FI] [FR] [HU] [IE] [IT] [LT] [LV] [MT] [NO] [PL] [PT] [RO] [SE] [SI] [SK] [UK]

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Starting out from an earlier attempt to describe the broad field of VET and HRD related research in Europe as a whole (see Areas of European research in VET and HRD), this page presents the focal areas of VET/HRD research in each country. The following three areas are distinguished:
 
HRD-LM Human resource development related to the labour market level (associated with the development of the workforce as a whole, including educational attainment, skill needs and qualification levels)
HRD-O Human resource development related to organisations (corporate level; mainly concerned with personnel development in the context of human resource management)
VET Vocational education and training, both initial and continuing; also related to the labour market and to organisations

As can be seen from these brief definitions, there is a great deal of overlap between the three areas. The choice of terms used in individual countries largely depends on the respective conceptual approach and cultural background. At the same time, the English terms reflect a diversity of national concepts which cannot be considered in this analysis. The presentation of major areas in the map below is based on the evidence provided for each country in the Overview.

 
DK
FI
NO
SE
     
             
AT
BE
 
BG
CZ
EE
DE
FR
 
HU
LT
LV
IE
UK
 
PL
RO
SI
SK
             
CY
ES
IT
MT
PT
 
  Focus of VET/HRD research
I
HRD-LM (broad area)
I
VET and HRD-LM (complementary areas)
I
VET (broad area) and HRD-O (minor, separate area)
I
VET (broad area)

A few observations can be made: The broad area of VET, partly extended by HRD related to organisations (as a minor, separate area), is typical of Northern and Western Europe (AT, BE, DE, DK, FI, FR, IE, NO, SE, UK), but also common among the other European regions (EE, ES, IT, PT, SI, SK). HRD related to the labour market is represented as a complementary area in several Central-Eastern European countries (BG, CZ, HU, LT, LV, PL). In two of the Southern European countries (CY, MT), the area of HRD related to the labour market plays the leading role. Altogether, the area of HRD related to the labour market is associated with development programmes introduced in the new EU countries.

NOTE: The Profile of national research is based on a comparative analysis of selected activities in 25 European countries (see Overview). This data has been compiled from the national reports prepared by the Cedefop ReferNet in 2006 and subsequently published by Cedefop (see Introduction and Reference). 

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Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO