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Profile  [2]  Links between EU sponsored research activities and national policies

Country outlines  [AT] [BE] [BG] [CY] [CZ] [DE] [DK] [EE] [ES] [FI] [FR] [HU] [IE] [IT] [LT] [LV] [MT] [NO] [PL] [PT] [RO] [SE] [SI] [SK] [UK]

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EU sponsored research activities are oriented, from the outset, towards promoting common policy strategies in the participating countries. There are however various kinds of  links with national policies, as the country reports suggest (see Overview, especially aspect 2) . The evidence compiled in these reports has been analysed in order to identify the degree of linkage between EU sponsored research and national policies. This degree varies according to both the objectives of the EU programmes concerned and the spectrum of EU related activities carried out in the individual countries. The comparative analysis is based on a typology which distinguishes between three kinds of EU sponsored research activity: 
  • Specific research contributions to EU programmes or initiatives; 
  • Involvement of research in EU programmes or initiatives; 
  • Participation in research related EU projects.
The levels of EU sponsored research activities presented in the map below are based on this typology (see legend on the right).
 
DK
FI
NO
SE
     
             
AT
BE
 
BG
CZ
EE
DE
FR
 
HU
LT
LV
IE
UK
 
PL
RO
SI
SK
             
CY
ES
IT
MT
PT
 
  Levels of EU sponsored research activities
I
(1) Research participation in EU projects
I
(2) Research involvement in EU programmes or initiatives;  other activities (see 1)
I
(3) Specific research contributions to EU programmes or initiatives; other activities (see 2)

The outcomes presented in the map suggest, first of all, that the levels of EU sponsored research activities are fairly evenly distributed across the four European regions: in each of these there are both high and low levels of activity. The high level, characterised by specific research contributions to EU programmes or initiatives (AT, CY, FI, HU, LT, SE), may be of a temporary nature, related to a particular time period (e.g. EU presidency) or action (e.g. assessment of an EU programme). The distribution of the low level, defined as research participation in EU projects (BE, BG, DK, ES, NO), may be due to several factors: the relationship of the country with the EU (non-member or new member) or the status of VET/HRD research in the country. Both the high level and the low level are closely linked with the medium level of EU sponsored research activities, featuring 'research involvement in EU programmes or initiatives', since this involvement may range from major to minor activities of various kinds (CZ, DE, EE, FR, IE, IT, LV, MT, PL, PT; RO, SI, SK, UK). Altogether, the levels of  EU sponsored research activities in individual countries are subject to constant changes of external and internal factors.

NOTE: The Profile of national research is based on a comparative analysis of selected activities in 25 European countries (see Overview). This data has been compiled from the national reports prepared by the Cedefop ReferNet in 2006 and subsequently published by Cedefop (see Introduction and Reference). 

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Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO