|Some important initiatives in Austrian
education and training policy, which are related to research and development
in varying degrees, are the following:
Policies to improve the quality
and efficient use of resources in the overall education and training system
A first policy strand which is only
loosely related to VET are additional national research efforts to use
the PISA study for quality improvement (http://www.pisa-austria.at/).
Because of the structure of the system the assessment takes place when
the youth cohort studies already in the VET system. Related to the PISA
study, efforts are made to establish a system of competence standards in
A second policy strand is the development
of an overall and coherent framework for quality development and quality
assurance in the VET school sector (Qualität in der Berufsbildung
– QIBB; as an example: http://net.tgm.ac.at/content/veranstaltungen/QSYS-INFO_TGM.pdfhttp://net.tgm.ac.at/content/veranstaltungen/QSYS-INFO_TGM.pdf).
Foresight studies about the development
of participation in upper secondary education have been conducted as an
information source for the planning of resources (http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/Projects_Networks/Ero/pb_view.asp?theID=246).
Policies to support the inclusion
of young people who do not find an apprenticeship training
Since the late 1990s a system of measures
has been established to provide alternative options for young people who
cannot find a place for an apprenticeship in an accredited training enterprise.
Those measures haven been evaluated by research (http://www.lrsocialresearch.at/download.php?fileid=165).
Policies to assess the supply and
demand match on the labour market, and to anticipate the demand for qualifications
A major initiative from the AMS is
the establishment of a very differentiated system providing information
about the opportunities on the labour market (Qualifikations-Barometer:
This system has been developed, and is regularly updated by research efforts
(analysis of economic and employment data, analysis of job advertisements,
A basic research project has been conducted
to analyse the Austrian anticipation practice (http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/Projects_Networks/Ero/prj_view.asp?theID=306),
and several follow-ups are under way to improve the system (to improve
classifications, to make better use of statistical data, etc.)
More specific policies which have been
supported by research are the reform of teacher education for compulsory
and the development planning of the Fachhochschule sector in higher education