research in Austria is conducted in a strongly policy related manner by
a set of mainly small institutes which are competing for project commissions.
We have also seen that HRD-research hardly does exist, and as far it exists
in business universities, it is separated from VET research. A shortcoming
in Austrian VET research is that it is hardly institutionalised in the
university system. Some steps have been taken recently to set up departments
in this area.
this competitive structure resources for the public good of documentation
and coordination are lacking to a high degree. The European programmes
have given some support for internationalisation of research, however,
it is still low as compared to other small countries.
are strong indications that research is not much used for policy development
and change, and, moreover, that many projects have a lack of resources.
So this might be efficient in economic terms (relatively much value for
too little money), however, it hardly can be effective under these conditions.
do not have a sufficient overview about what is done, not to mention the
impact of research.
issues which need to be addressed have not substantially changed since
the last report, rather might those issues be underlined more strongly:
are still particularly two areas where more research should be done:
and coordination should be visibly improved. An important step would be
to improve the documentation of what is done. A kind of lock-in seems to
exist, where each of the players is lacking resources, and as far none
provides information the others have no incentive to do this. A more professionally
oriented research policy could be a step.
and follow-up, and more basic research would be another improvement. Cooperation
of the players could bring more communication and more strength of research.
The establishment of a yearly VET research conference, and more inclusion
in European and international activities could be steps in that direction.
VET research more resources in the university system would be another strategy
for more sustainability. A more systematic and transparent programming
and funding of VET research would be feasible.
areas more cooperation between the funding institutions might be feasible,
e.g. in the area of anticipation of futures skill needs, or in the area
of development of lifelong learning.
is economics of education. Too little is known about internal and external
efficiency of education and training.
area where more research should be done is adult and continuing education.
The attempts to establish a research network, and to identify an agenda
among the researchers might be a first step. To include research in the
lifelong learning strategy could be another step.