VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Bulgaria  []  Summary

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National policy documents such as CVT strategy and Employment Strategy have been developed in compliance with EU policy priorities. These strategies are currently under implementation by responsible authorities, and this is a positive action in the field of trans-institutional cooperation and awareness raising on the HRD process.

Educational reforms are based on the conception of ensuring conditions for vocational preparation (open learning opportunities, flexibility and quality) that give an opportunity for further support of the quality of the labour force and its employability in accordance with the requirements of the labour market and the knowledge-based economy.

The main difficulties in the education and training system are financing, related to the development of the technical equipment and didactic base.

Further development priorities are related to:

  • Training of VET teachers, lectors and trainers in the field of vocational training of adults;
  • Defining needs and forms of training on the basis of conducting a thorough permanent analysis of the links between the labour market development and the training provided;
  • Orientation of the social partnership towards improvement of practical training conditions, improvement of curricula and syllabus and methods of training (modular approach, distance learning, practice in real working environment), co-operation and joint work among the employers for financing and conducting the training of employees, etc.
  • Development of a Lifelong Guidance System.
The identification, assessment and recognition of formal, non-formal and informal learning to support and stimulate the development of high quality assessment at national and European levels is an important point of the strategies for lifelong learning and greater flexibility in acquiring knowledge.

The use of competence-based assessment against broadly recognized occupational standards has become a cornerstone of HRD in Bulgaria.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Bulgaria (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO