VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview 

Czech Republic  [3]  Issues and themes of VET/HRD projects

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a) Analysis of and support for the development of quality in education. Research in this area is focused on the development of external evaluation of educational outcomes (standardised “maturita” examination, standardised student assessment at various points of their educational pathway) and on self-evaluation of students and schools. Methods and instruments for standardised assessment and self-evaluation are being designed. Periodical analyses based on international surveys concerned with young people’s competencies (e.g. PISA) are being conducted. 

b) Curriculum development. Research is focused on supporting curricular reform and its pilot testing (development of national curricular documents for various levels and fields of education, methodological support for the design of school-based curricula). At the same time, instruments are being developed facilitating links between educational and professional standards. 

c) Research support for the development of the National Qualifications System and recognition of non-formal and informal learning. Research in this area is focused on the development of a system of qualifications incorporating level and branch-related considerations. The issue of international transfer of qualifications is also being explored. At the same time, methods and instruments for verification and recognition of non-formal and informal learning are being developed. Individual steps are being piloted. 

d) HRD and CVT analysis. It is possible to identify two lines of research. Firstly, the trends as regards participation in continuing education are being analysed in view of the requirements for improving the quality of human resources, enhancing competitiveness and facilitating social inclusion. Secondly, research projects are concerned with analysing and piloting actions focused on enhancing institutional and systemic conditions for CVET development in terms of accessibility (information, counselling, funding), quality assurance and recognition of outcomes. 

e) Analysis and forecasting labour market qualification needs. Research in this area is focused on two areas. Firstly, there is empirical monitoring of labour market development trends and the situation of school leavers, including surveys focused on employers’ needs. Secondly, there is work underway focused on modelling and medium-term projections of qualification needs with the use of quantitative and qualitative methods. Both areas are concerned with the development of a structured and regularly updated information base that could be used in career and other forms of counselling. 

f) Equal access to education. A number of projects examine the reasons for and implications of unequal access to education, the mechanisms behind inequality reproduction, the openness of the education system in terms of access to education for children from socially disadvantaged backgrounds, and specific issues related to social inclusion. Recently this research has also been focused on gender aspects. Analytical work builds on sociological surveys some of which are longitudinal. 

g) Tertiary education development - Many research projects deal with various aspects of the development of tertiary education – from specific funding issues, through quality evaluation processes in tertiary education to broader links between tertiary education, demographic changes and labour market developments. Special attention is devoted to access to education.

h) ICT in education – support for ICT introduction and implementation, e-learning.

ANNEX: Selection of ERO Base projects

NSK - Development of National Qualification Framework promoting lifelong learning

Pilot-S Development and verification of pilot school educational programmes at selected technical schools and secondary vocational schools

Kvalita 1 - Development of system of external monitoring and evaluation including installation of Centre for evaluation of educational achievements (external evaluation, information and counselling services)

VIP Career – Education Information Counselling

The Causes and Mechanism of the Creation of Educational Barriers of Different Socio-cultural Background Members and the Formulation of the Strategies for their Surmounting

Changes on the labour markets and perspectives of education in the Czech Republic

Knowledge Society - Requirements on Human Resource Skills and Continuing Training

Research center on competitiveness of Czech economy

Support of elderly people employment

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Czech Republic (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO