for R&D currently falls within the framework of the "National R&D
Policy for the years 2004-2008 (NP)". This document sets out both the actual
focus of R&D and the anticipated level of public resources needed.
The actual amount of resources allocated to support R&D is specified
annually as part of the state budget development and approval.
support for R&D takes two forms: purpose-linked support and institutional
Purpose-linked support is the major instrument for implementation of the
priorities within the national policies set out in the National Research
Programme, and the priorities of ministerial policies that are not, for
various reasons, included in the National Programme. Resources to support
R&D related to VET/HRD are provided from the budgets of the Ministry
of Education, Youth and Sports (MŠMT) and the Ministry of Labour and Social
Affairs (MPSV). In recent years purpose-linked support has been largely
provided in the form of grants for activities covering several years. This
makes it possible to finance comprehensive research projects and promotes
co-operation between research institutions.
research is financed by the Grant Agency of the CR, which is an independent
institution. On the basis of bidding procedures it allocates grants to
the best projects in all areas of science. Financial resources are provided
from the state budget (the part earmarked for the GA CR). The Grant Agency
of the Academy of Sciences of the CR performs a similar task (it is part
of the GA CR). Based on public tenders it allocates a certain part of its
Institutional support is focused on medium-term plans of research institutions
and on specific research carried out by higher education institutions.
Resources are provided from the budgets of the relevant ministries. R&D
related to VET/HRD is primarily implemented by research institutions set
up by the MŠMT (National Institute for Technical and Vocational Education,
Institute for Information on Education, Centre for Higher Education Studies)
and by the MPSV (Research Institute for Labour and Social Affairs, Work
Safety Research Institute).
is also supported by means of programmes co-funded from the European Social
Fund as part of the Operating Programme Human Resources Development and
the Single Programming Document for Objective 3 NUTS 2 – the capital Prague.
In the 2004-06 period this particularly concerns research and pilot projects
supporting the development of the systems of initial and continuing education
(e.g. a system for evaluation of educational outcomes, a national qualifications
2000 the government pledged to ensure that state support for R&D should
reach 0.7% of GDP. However, this promise was not met and the actual support
only accounted for 0.54% of GDP. The approved outlook for the state budget
envisages an annual increase in this expenditure by 0.01 percentage points
for 2005-2006. In 2006 the level of public support should reach 0.6% of
GDP. In view of the very limited increase in expenditure and the pressing
need to reduce the state budget deficit it will be difficult for the CR
to meet the Barcelona objective – i.e. to allocate public resources for
R&D accounting for 1% of GDP by 2010.
is expected that direct state support will be largely complemented by indirect
support. The actual form of this is being considered (e.g. tax instruments,
depreciation policy, better loan conditions, etc.). This should contribute
to the objective of private investment in R&D reaching 2% of GDP by
2010. Suitable instruments should be put into practice in connection with
public finance reform.