five “Ausbildungs-Strukturprogramme” of the Federal Ministry of Education
and Research (structural programmes for initial VET, co-funded by the European
Social Fund (ESF); 2001-2005) helped significantly to ensure availability
of sufficient numbers of in-company training places, and to improve regional
training structures. These programmes include "KAUSA" for the creation
of training places in companies with owners of non-German origin; "APE"
(Ausbildungsplatzentwickler = training-place developers) for the acquisition
of in-company training places; "Regiokompetenz Ausbildung" for the establishment
and expansion of regional networks, including training networks; "Patenschaftsprogramm"
(sponsorship programme) for training sponsorships and sponsoring in vocational
training as well as for the establishment of foundations for VET; "STARegio"
for the development of external training management, regional analysis
of training resources, training alliances and training networks, especially
in western Germany). As of January 2006 the Ministry has integrated the
five structural programmes into one programme called "Jobstarter“ (2006-2010).
The new programme is especially aiming at better regional supply of in-company
training and shall contribute substantially to shaping VET as an instrument
responding to structural challenges.
for disadvantaged young people and for poorly qualified young adults (BQF),
co-financed by the European Social Fund (ESF), provided support of about
100 projects (2001-2006) in four main areas: optimisation of support structures;
improvement of the work of schools and training centres; strengthening
of school-sector approaches to prevent unemployment; and improvement of
training opportunities for immigrants. Research, in the form of model development
and testing of implementation strategies and concepts, was carried out
in all four innovation areas of the BQF programme. In building on existing
development approaches, special attention was given to the bases and conditions
for sustainable implementation, to possibilities for expansion and to transferability.
programme "Learning regions – promotion of networks" (2001-2007), which
is co-financed by the European Social Fund (ESF), has been the heart of
the Ministry's action programme "Lifelong learning for all". The research
and development programme "Learning culture – competence development" (2000-2006)
also ESF-cofinanced) is addressing the question "How should education,
competence-building, competence-maintenance and continual development of
competencies be designed and structured?". The programme includes basic
research and four strands focusing on different learning environments:
work place, electronic networks, social environment, education and training
programmes are still in progress but have already informed concrete measures.