VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Germany  [2]  Context of EU policies and programmes

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The five “Ausbildungs-Strukturprogramme” of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (structural programmes for initial VET, co-funded by the European Social Fund (ESF); 2001-2005) helped significantly to ensure availability of sufficient numbers of in-company training places, and to improve regional training structures. These programmes include "KAUSA" for the creation of training places in companies with owners of non-German origin; "APE" (Ausbildungsplatzentwickler = training-place developers) for the acquisition of in-company training places; "Regiokompetenz Ausbildung" for the establishment and expansion of regional networks, including training networks; "Patenschaftsprogramm" (sponsorship programme) for training sponsorships and sponsoring in vocational training as well as for the establishment of foundations for VET; "STARegio" for the development of external training management, regional analysis of training resources, training alliances and training networks, especially in western Germany). As of January 2006 the Ministry has integrated the five structural programmes into one programme called "Jobstarter“ (2006-2010). The new programme is especially aiming at better regional supply of in-company training and shall contribute substantially to shaping VET as an instrument responding to structural challenges.

A programme for disadvantaged young people and for poorly qualified young adults (BQF), co-financed by the European Social Fund (ESF), provided support of about 100 projects (2001-2006) in four main areas: optimisation of support structures; improvement of the work of schools and training centres; strengthening of school-sector approaches to prevent unemployment; and improvement of training opportunities for immigrants. Research, in the form of model development and testing of implementation strategies and concepts, was carried out in all four innovation areas of the BQF programme. In building on existing development approaches, special attention was given to the bases and conditions for sustainable implementation, to possibilities for expansion and to transferability. 

The programme "Learning regions – promotion of networks" (2001-2007), which is co-financed by the European Social Fund (ESF), has been the heart of the Ministry's action programme "Lifelong learning for all". The research and development programme "Learning culture – competence development" (2000-2006) also ESF-cofinanced) is addressing the question "How should education, competence-building, competence-maintenance and continual development of competencies be designed and structured?". The programme includes basic research and four strands focusing on different learning environments: work place, electronic networks, social environment, education and training institutions. 

The programmes are still in progress but have already informed concrete measures. 

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Germany (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO