general objective of VET/HRD research in Estonia is to improve the quality
of VET by analysing the weaknesses of the VET system. The aim is to find
solutions for eliminating the deficiencies of the system. Some of the research
projects also include specific policy proposals to change and develop the
state regulation in the field of VET/HRD.
research has been centred on a wide range of issues in 2005. Several researches
on adult education, employment, labour market and more general subjects
were prepared. The research projects can roughly be divided in 2 categories:
field of CVET and adult education 2 surveys can be outlined in 2005. 'The
Study on Further Education Quality Factors' was focused on the factors
indicating the quality of different educational institutions that provide
further education courses in Estonia. The existing professional qualification
system constituted the basis for this study. One of the most important
outcomes of the study were the policy proposals and suggestions to change/develop
the state regulation of the specific field in order to improve the quality
of further education.
other survey 'Developing alternative funding models for adult education'
aimed to analyse the need for funding professional education and training
of adults, give an overview of relevant experiences and solutions of other
countries, analyse the possibilities of funding adult education and decide
the schemes for funding adult education. An important background study
was made in the course of the survey, and possible models for funding adult
education and training (in-service training and re-training) were proposed.
field of relations between VET and economy needs, many important research
objectives were set in different projects. The aim of the project 'The
Methodology for Anticipating the training needs over different sectors
of economy' was to compose a comprehensive methodology including a complete
set of techniques for carrying out expert groups in selected sectors. The
objective was also to define key occupations in order to predict the share
of them in the sector workforce.
between VET and economy needs
the study 'Matching of Educational and Occupational Structures' the whole
workforce was analysed from the point of educational background (levels,
fields etc) and their employment in the sectors of the economy and occupation,
in order to find out educational fields with narrow possibilities on the
analysis 'Knowledge based economy and ICT-related education' aimed at contributing
to the development of the knowledge-based economy in Estonia. It was specifically
concentrated on higher and vocational education relating to information
and communication technologies and on the opportunities of enhancement
of these technologies. In brief, the analysis found an answer to the following
question: Which active education policy measures derive (or should derive)
from the Estonian R&D strategy and other related strategies? In discussing
the various functions of the education system, its connection with the
needs of processing industries and service sector constitutes the central
criterion. Within the scope of the research project, suggestions for developing
the ICT-related education system were put forward.
there is a gap between the demand and supply of specialists of different
technologies on middle management level in enterprises, the main task of
the research project 'Insights of applied higher education in fields of
engineering, manufacturing and construction in Tartu and Southern Estonia'
was to find the optimal model for applied higher technical education in
Tartu and South Estonia region and to work out the ways to implement it.
It was decided that the development of applied higher technical education
in Tartu and Southern Estonia must originate from the need of a specific
region and development plans agreed for the coming years. Future changes
to provide applied higher technical education in region must be accepted
by the stakeholders.