VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview 

Spain  [2]  Context of EU policies and programmes

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In accordance with the Lisbon strategy (March 2000), the Education Council and the European Commission adopted a 10-year working programme, and the Ministers of education of the EU set 3 strategic objectives: improve the quality and the effectiveness of the EU education and training systems, facilitate access to all education and training systems, and open up these systems externally. With these purposes in mind, a series of specific objectives were established that have repercussions on all education and training levels (formal, non-formal and informal), so that lifelong training can become a reality. The systems must improve the training of trainers, basic competencies, the integration of information and communication technologies, the teaching of languages, lifelong orientation, the development of flexible systems to make learning, mobility, etc. accessible to all. Elaborated with the Lisbon Strategy in mind, the Spanish National Reform Programme constitutes the Spanish Government’s reference point for the 2005-2010 period. 

Information society technologies and citizens/ governance in a knowledge-based society are two of the priority themes of the 7th Framework Programme 2002-2005, whose main objective is to contribute to the creation of an authentic “European Research Area” (ERA), a future programme to encourage scientific quality, competitiveness and innovation. Within the 5th Framework Programme of the European Commission, there is a research project on active learning on the Internet, coordinated by the National Distance Learning University - UNED. 

European programmes dedicated to education and training, through which trans-national research and innovation projects are financed, include the Leonardo da Vinci II Programme, with objectives directed to the promotion of a vocational training policy within the European Union, and the Socrates Programme, dedicated to lifelong learning. A large part of research in Spain on VET/HRD is carried out through the convocations of community vocational education and training programmes, Leonardo da Vinci and Socrates. In the last convocation of the Spanish Leonardo da Vinci Agency, 25 projects were approved, 36% being sponsored by universities and different departments of the Public Administration, and 20% by worker organisations or businesses. 

With regard to studies carried out by the National Public Employment Service - INEM, within the Studies Programme financed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, it is worth highlighting three continuous training projects, one of which had the objective of studying vocational training subsystems in Spain, to integrate the continuous training and vocational training subsystems in order to strengthen the teaching of vocational training in Spain and attain the transparency of qualifications sought by the EU. Also included are two studies on updating the training modules of various professional groups and a study on the education-training transition and labour insertion.

Within the framework of complementary and accompanying training actions, promoted by the Tripartite Foundation for Employment Training, including the IV National Continuous Training Accord, it is worth highlighting some studies on training products and telematic systems.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Spain (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO