VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview 

Spain  [3]  Issues and themes of VET/HRD projects

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Amongst the VET/HRD research topics currently tackled in Spain we find the development of human resources, considered a productive resource and a basic pillar for attaining equal opportunities. Thus, some of the projects are dedicated to developing training plans for the heads of human resources in SME for the implementation of procedures and policies to manage talent, and human resources audit programmes within the health sector.

Special attention has been paid to the operation and quality of the education system in its different stages, thus, for example, a project was carried out on basic and occupational individualised training within the rural sector, the training of teachers in the area of school absenteeism amongst adolescents. However, and in particular within the context of a reform of the Spanish vocational training system, attention has been given to continuous training as the key to improving human capital, because it offers employed persons new knowledge and useful skills for their current and future employment, and for unemployed persons it increases their probability of rejoining the labour market. Thus, the following projects have been carried out: on the sectoral structure of vocational training for employed and unemployed persons, on quality standards and indicators of continuous training in European evaluations, continuous vocational training in SME and for craftsmen. On the other hand, and in accordance with policy regarding vocational training for employment that favours lifelong learning, the employability of unemployed persons and the accreditation of professional competencies acquired by employees, both through training processes (formal and non-formal) as well as through professional experience, projects are being developed for the recognition and validation of technological competencies within the chemical sector, or continuous vocational training models for the acquisition and recognition of cross-sectoral competencies in eWork.

Another issue that has been considered of maximum importance during the last few years is the study of lifelong learning, on subjects related to the Information Society, that is, studies and projects dedicated to tools, portals and virtual learning programmes of different occupations, some of them traditional, like the local police, funeral technicians, employees working in the furniture industry, other novelties such as local agents in technological dynamisation, workplace accident prevention and safety agents and even more generic projects such as training in skills for the knowledge society or training methodologies for SME based on free open source software (Free Open Source Software).

ANNEX: Selection of ERO Base projects

Lifelong Learning for Craftsmen

System for the Evaluation, Recognition and Validation of Technical Competencies in the Chemical Sector 

Sectoral structure of vocational training for employed and unemployed persons 

A Referential Model of Continuous Vocational Training for the Acquisition and Recognition of Cross-Sectoral Professional Competencies in eWork 

Matching Skills in the Knowledge Society 

SME Training Methodology for Technologies based on Free (Libre) Open Source Software 

Competencies for the Knowledge Age: The Employer’s Approach 

Development and Introduction of an Online Training Programme for Local Agents in Technological Dynamisation - @Iditec 

Virtual Learning Environment for European Local Police 

Talent, Information Society and Management 

Quality standards and indicators of continuous vocational training in European evaluations. Proposition of an evaluation system

Continuous Vocational Training in Small Enterprises. Proposals and analysis 

Educational systems development in Europe 

Active Learning for Adaptative Internet 


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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Spain (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO