VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview 

Spain  [5]  Funding framework of VET/HRD research

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The R+D+I 2004-2007 Plan contemplates a budgetary endowment of more than 9,200 million euros for the first two years, with a sustained and affordable growth in research expenditure. Each year the convocations establish the regulatory conditions for the granting of aid for the realisation of research projects, which may be applied for by public R+D centres (public universities, public research institutions dependent on the State Administration and territorial Public Administrations), private non-profit R+D centres (private universities, etc.) and technological centres to whom the main researcher of the project belongs. 

The granting of aid endures an evaluation and selection process on the part of the National Agency for Evaluation and Planning (ANEP). Ordinary aid consists in that all or part of the finance aid is granted as a subsidy, with a refundable advance if established to this end in the resolutions of the convocation. The amounts cover the totality, or partially, the aid applied for, under no circumstances exceeding the amount claimed, bearing in mind possible co-financing, the real cost of subsidised activity. The aid may finance up to 100% of the marginal costs of the project (those which originate exclusively due to the development of the activities corresponding to the realisation of the project). 

We can observe that the Autonomous Communities are playing a greater role in the financing of R+D activities. The R+D+I 2004-2007 plan foresees cooperation and coordination between the Central Administration and the Autonomous Communities. The latter have had their own R+D, within which the greater part of research aid has been on a university level, with the objective of promoting scientific research and technological innovation to promote economic, social and productive development, fundamentally through basic research and the training of researchers.

A series of subsidies are destined to the realisation of complementary research actions, sectoral and cross-sectoral studies, and innovative products and tools related to continuous training. The National Public Employment Service, with the technical support of the State Foundation for Employment Training, is responsible for the granting and payment of these subsidies when said actions cover a territorial scope that includes more than one Autonomous Community. Actions solely covering a single Autonomous Community are charged to the credits assigned to each one of the Autonomous Communities.

 With regards to the Studies Programme of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, it is financed with budgetary items that are assigned for this purpose to each one of the administrative departments dependent on said Ministry.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Spain (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO