VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview 

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At present the promotion and financing of R+D projects on education, training and development of human resources in Spain occurs through three channels: the R+D+I 2004-2007 Plan and the regional R+D plans, the R+D+I Ingenio 2010 strategy, which improves existing plans and assigns new resources for new strategic actions and, thirdly, the actions on the one hand by the Ministry of Education and Science through the Educational Research and Documentation Centre (CIDE) and the National Qualifications Institute (INCUAL), and on the other by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, which plays an important role with its Studies Programme, which counts with the participation of the National Public Employment Service - INEM, the Women’s Institute, the Youth Institute, etc. Universities participate by carrying out research work and training researchers, through their Departments, as well as through the University Institutes (ICEs). Private organisations essentially intervene through public convocations of the different actions and the projects convoked by the national agencies of European programmes such as Leonardo da Vinci and Socrates, or actions from the Tripartite Foundation for Employment Training.

A large part of the projects tackle the development of human resources, some of them are dedicated to developing training plans for the heads of human resources in SME, for the implementation of procedures and policies to manage talent; others have paid special attention to the operation and quality of the education systems. Particular within the context of a reform of the Spanish vocational training system, attention has been given to continuous training as the key to improving human capital. Thus several projects have been carried out on the sectoral structure of vocational training, on quality indicators of continuous training in European evaluations, continuous vocational training in SME, and the accreditation of professional competencies acquired by employees, both through training processes (formal and non-formal) as well as through professional experience. Another issue of maximum relevance is the study of training on subjects related to the Information Society, that is, studies dedicated to tools, portals and virtual learning programmes. 

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Spain (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO