the last few years, the assessment results of education have brought up
a few problems which have also been intervened with extensive development
projects. These projects have often included those that deal with the whole
educational system, especially the student guidance development project
and the Diverse Learners Common School Project, which aims to overcome
the differences in learning achievementsbetween men and women.
extensive educational reforms have been promoted by conducting research.
The most essential educational reforms include studies that deal with learning
at work and its evidence. The Life as learning research programme (LEARN)
aims to produce new evidence in support of education policy measures and
also of the joint objectives of education and labour policies. An essential
study regarding EUprojects has been the national evaluation of the Leonardo
the most important themes in national VET research have been studies on
vocational education reforms and research projects on exclusion.
mainly takes place at universities and within university research organisations.
Key research organisations include: Research Unit for the Sociology of
Education, Work Research Centre, University of Tampere, Research Centre
for Vocational Education, Institute for Educational Research, University
HRD research has mainly been conducted in Finnish universities. The research
costs are covered by both university finance and other financial bodies,
in particular the Academy of Finland, the National Technology Agency and
the Ministry of Education.
is an important national network in this field. Among other things, FERA
publishes a magazine called Kasvatus. Another network is OKKA-säätiö;
a foundation which, for example, publishes a journal on professional pedagogics.
research in Finland is very versatile, both in the fields of basic and
applied research. Research projects that are strongly linked to political
education reforms or reform projects have a huge impact. The results of
these studies are monitored and taken into account in decision making processes.
the future, research needs to be concentrated on, for example, the quality
of VET, the efficiency of VET institution networks, the appreciation of
VET and the prevention of underachievement and drop out.