VET&HRD
 
VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

France  [3]  Issues and themes of VET/HRD projects

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> Assessment of the application of reforms
A third of the ERO Base projects have been financed by the French ministries of Employment and of Research (12 out of 39). They belong to the national priorities in VET, esp. following the law of 05/04/2004 to measure impact. The projects are accompanied by surveillance of, and reflection on, examples of best practice by trainers, in firms as much as in training and guidance centres.

> Professionalisation of guidance and training professionals
Furthermore, action researches of support for the professionalisation of VET and for guidance professionals (5 out of 39) have been launched to encourage the application of the employment and training policies.

> Analysis of the training offer
Another significant group of projects (10 out of 39) concerns the training offer. Most of them are evaluations and comparisons of the training offer in enterprises, and in the guidance and training centres, both regionally and internationally. These studies are usually aimed at answering the specific needs of certain categories of people (youngsters, people in precarious situations or unemployed people) or certain industry sectors.

> VET, individuals’ professional paths
A significant number of projects (8 out of 39) tackle VET from the point of view of training and professional strategies. The emphasis is put on ways to secure the professional paths of individuals. The studies seek to evaluate the development of the status, personal and professional, of the employees, realised by training or the VAE approach. 

> VET, e-learning innovation
With regard to innovation, some projects of e-learning have been conducted in the training centres (4 out of 39), in some pre-defined types of activity, and their evaluation is underway. 

> HRD (organisational, corporate level)
A great number of projects deal with the development of competencies and the management of human resources in workplaces (12 out of 39), which they approach along three distinct lines: 

  • At the level of the business strategy, when VET is used in the management of human resources to leverage the economic and social performance of firms. 
  • At the level of employees, the development of skills is tackled individually along the lines of professional trajectories and strategies of advancement. These studies focus more particularly on the older workers and the young workers, and investigate the mobility of individuals. 
  • Finally, at the level of the employee/ employer relationship - this relationship tends to become individualised. 
> HRD (labour market, economic level)
Finally, a significant number of projects of national and transnational scope concern themselves with the fight against illiteracy, the development of transparency of qualifications and diplomas and the re-evaluation of apprenticeship, in particular in the Education Nationale.
 
ANNEX: Selection of ERO Base projects

Assessment of the application of reforms

The evaluations of the setting of sector agreements about lifelong learning
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=814
Notion and governance of vocational training
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=812
Professionalisation of guidance and training professionals
Public action and social economy in matter of employment and vocational training
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=788
Analysis of the training offer
Comparative and evaluative analysis of guidance and counselling services for out of work individuals and workers at risk in five European countries
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=797
VET, professional path
Vocational training, risk-prevention of employment and accompaniment of professional trajectories
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=818
VET, e-learning innovation
Vocational education and maritime training : which innovative actions in Europe?
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=778
HRD (organisational, corporate level)
Continuing Vocational Training Survey 3 : European survey
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=784
Mobility within employment : juridical study 
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=971
Salary relationships and skill management : towards more individualisation and new forms of professionnal relationships. 
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=972
HRD (labour market, economic level)
Illiteracy situations : analysis, proposals…
http://www.trainingvillage.gr/etv/projects_networks/ero/prj_view.asp?theID=284
 
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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report France (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO