VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

France  [5]  Funding framework of VET/HRD research

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In France, research related to VET/HRD is mainly financed by the state through Ministries, in particular the following: the Ministère du Travail, de l’Emploi et de la Cohésion sociale (Ministry for Employment, Work and Social Cohesion), the Ministère de l’Éducation nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche (Ministry for National Education, Higher Education and Research), but also the Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche (Ministry for Agriculture and Fishing), and the Ministère de la Jeunesse, des Sports et de la Vie Associative (Ministry for Youth, Sports and Community Life). 

Therefore, it is essentially through these state structures that research institutions can be located and that main research orientations can be found. Besides, the Ministry in charge of Research asserts “the necessity of an international cooperation within the European research area and within a more and more open world area” ( (05/12/2006))

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report France (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO