is no VET research specialised institution in France. Most researchers
are distributed across laboratories, research centres and universities.
An inquiry made by the CDFT (Cnam) allowed to identify 160 laboratories
and 360 researchers working on subjects dealing with VET and HRD.
research has the particularity to be organised via practical fields and
not within a discipline. Apart from the case when VET research clearly
appears as an intended policy of a laboratory or of a research centre,
the demands for VET research are rarely formulated in that way by society.
As Pierre Caspar wrote, they come out of problems to be solved, dissatisfactions
or more fundamental economic or social questions.
researchers who have been selected for the ERO Base are involved in national
and transnational projects with funding for their realisation. (The yearly
report of the DARES gives the information on these projects as well as
the database of Céreq). Most of them target the improvement of the
system of VET. The major political reforms are often followed by surveys,
evaluations, and sometimes researches. However, this image of VET-HRD research
cannot be considered as completely exact because some researches are carried
out by isolated researchers belonging to various disciplinary fields. Those
projects, even if new specialised periodicals have been edited (Savoirs,
Distances et savoirs), suffer from a lack of visibility.
the coming year, there will be a need for evaluating the public employment
and training programme as well as for following up the effects of the reforms.
The 'social cohesion plan' (January 18th 2005) and the 'urgency plan for
employment' (June 2005) contain many dispositions such as new types of
contracts, measures for the employment of young people and older workers,
development of apprenticeship and alternative training. All these measures
will certainly be studied in order to measure the effects and to recommend
effects of the decentralisation policy are likely to be analysed at national
and regional levels.
discrimination linked to sex and age will also be among the important matters
in the pedagogical and methodological fields, the use of internet and other
open learning methods have already been studied a lot and are likely to
continue to be present in the research programmes of science education
didactics, work analysis, activity analysis and training are also very
present in adult training research and should remain important research
the HRD side, much attention is paid to the development of competencies
of workers and their professionalisation in specific sectors - the care
sector (service à la personne) - as well as in the social sector.
These sectors are regarded as employment providers for the future.
and its network of associated centres, which is the most important institution
producing studies and researches on VET/HRD, will continue to be very much
involved in European researches and seminars with European organisations.
Presently, this centre, with the Dares and the laboratory 'Work and mobility'
are conducting important preparatory work for two European investigations
dealing with adult formal or non formal training practices: AES (Adult
education survey) and CVTS 3.