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Hungary  [2]  Context of EU policies and programmes

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Research studies prepared by EU agencies and those implemented within the framework of EU sponsored mobility programmes have all exerted considerable influence on VET/HRD national policies. In turn, the R&D projects implemented within the framework of the Human Resources Development Operational Programme (HRD OP) of the Ist National Plan of Hungary (2004-2006), financed primarily by Structural Funds assistance, were initiated by these national VET/HRD policies that defined the priorities and measures of the HRD OP (in accordance with the objectives defined in the Joint Assessment Paper as well as the objectives of the European Employment Strategy).

As an example for the impact of EU-level research on national policy, the Cedefop report about VET research in the EU (*), studies about the labour markets of EU member states, various employment policies, structures of VET, and key competences have directly influenced the content (priorities) of the various national strategic documents and development programmes (e.g. the 'Strategy of the Development of Vocational Education and Training until 2013' (2005) and the 'Development Programme of Vocational Schools', both described in section 1, as well as the Ist National Development Plan).

In addition, the various EU mobility and cooperation programmes (Leonardo da Vinci, Socrates, Grundtvig, etc.) including R&D projects have also contributed to the development of national VET/HRD policies through the participation of influential experts, advisors as well as policy-makers in these cooperation projects.

The research and development projects initiated by and implemented through the various measures of the HRD OP based on the priorities of national VET/HRD policy involve:

  • the overall restructuring of VET awarding vocational qualifications listed in the National Qualifications Register (Országos Képzési Jegyzék, OKJ) through 'Measure 3.2. Developing the content, methodology and structure of vocational training', including the restructuring, updating and modularization of the OKJ, based on an analysis of the Hungarian employment structure;
  • the development of training programmes based on the local/regional labour market needs, including the development of a model of prior learning assessment, training programmes tailored to the needs of disadvantaged groups, and e-leaning programmes through 'Measure 3.5.1. Development and application of up-to-date adult training methods';
  • the development of effective labour market analyses in order to anticipate changes in labour supply and demand, conducting research and preparing forecasts through 'Measure 1.2. Supporting active labour market policies'.
(*) Pascaline Descy; Manfred Tessaring (eds.): Training in Europe. Second report on vocational training research in Europe 2000: background report. Cedefop Reference series. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2001.
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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Hungary (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO