VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Hungary  [3]  Issues and themes of VET/HRD projects

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The VET/HRD research themes currently considered most important in Hungary are closely linked to the overall objective of modernising the systems of the various sectors of education related to VET and HRD in Hungary in accordance with the needs and demands of the economy, in line with the objectives and measures of governmental strategies and development programmes discussed in sections 1and 2. 

The basis of such a modernisation process is the assessment of the current situation, i.e. exploring existing structures and typical learning pathways, and the identification of the needs and demands of the economy and the labour market, paying special attention to local/regional differentiation. Accordingly, a great number of national research projects featuring in the ERO Base provide assessment reports or deal with the question of defining the training needs of the economy in general or of certain geographical regions, aimed at assisting the improvement of the structure and content of qualifications or the modification of the local training offer. In addition, in our global world modernisation of the Hungarian structures should also observe the current EU and international trends, policies, initiatives or theories, and a good number of national research projects aim at exploring and analysing precisely such aspects and their expected influence on Hungarian trends in the fields of VET, HRD, lifelong learning and employment policy.

The other important aspect of modernisation is improving the content of VET (the professional and examination requirements and curricula of state recognized and other vocational qualifications), and many of the recent research projects are developmental researchesaimed at designing, developing and piloting new training programmes, curricula, training tools and materials, as well as improving the methodology of training, based on the assessment of training needs in a sector of the economy and/or job profiles. Many of the transnational projects focus on promoting training in SMEs, while the significance of competence based training and the improvement of prior learning assessment systems is highlighted by several national R&D projects.

Another significant group of recent projects involve researches exploring ways of making VET more flexible through alternative modes of delivery, most importantly, through promoting e-learning. These projects either describe the current status of ICT technologies in VET (like most national projects on the subject) or explore and develop ways of applying ICT in training.

Analysing the skills needs of and developing training programmes for various disadvantaged target groups is also a main objective of a considerable number of current R&D projects. The national projects include both descriptive and development researches, many of them exploring the causes of school failure and assisting decision-makers in developing second-chance programmes for drop-outs in general or specifically targeting the disadvantaged Roma population.

Last but not least, the issues of improving the training of trainers and the system of quality assurance are also important themes that appear in a good number of research projects: the former mostly in developmental projects, while the latter theme is explored in both descriptive and developmental type of research.

ANNEX: Selection of ERO Base projects

N.B. The selection of ERO Base projects presented below provides examples for the important themes/issues addressed in current VET/HRD research that were discussed above; in the majority of cases, however, projects involve several components (e.g. assessment of skills needs and curricula development) and thus might be classified as falling under several of the headings listed below.

Analysis of current structures/leaning pathways: 

Analysis of learning pathways (

Social demands for the higher education of adults (

Analysis of skills needs at national/regional level:

Research on the demands and training needs expressed by enterprises towards their employees in the North-Hungarian region (

Analysis of EU/international trends:

Survey of the changes in the international interpretation of the goals and functions of adult education and training in view of the development of the modern market economy and the learning population. (

Developmental projects aimed at improving the content/methodology of VET/HRD:

New Strategies for the Improvement of Training and Information within the Tourism and Hotel sector with the aim of promoting Mobility of Workers. (

Measurement and validation of prior learning (

Promotion of e-learning:

E-learning based Cooperative Educational and Pedagogical Methods for VET Teachers (E-CEPT) (

Skills analysis of target groups:

Training embedded in employment (

Teacher/trainer training:

Defining the competencies of trainers working in adult education (

Quality assurance:

Peer Review as an Instrument for Quality Assurance and Quality Improvement in Initial VET in Europe Exchange of Experience and Development of a European Manual (

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Hungary (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO