VET/HRD research themes currently considered most important in Hungary
are closely linked to the overall objective of modernising the systems
of the various sectors of education related to VET and HRD in Hungary in
accordance with the needs and demands of the economy, in line with the
objectives and measures of governmental strategies and development programmes
discussed in sections 1and 2.
basis of such a modernisation process is the assessment of the current
situation, i.e. exploring existing structures and typical learning pathways,
and the identification of the needs and demands of the economy and the
labour market, paying special attention to local/regional differentiation.
Accordingly, a great number of national research projects featuring in
the ERO Base provide assessment reports or deal with the question of defining
the training needs of the economy in general or of certain geographical
regions, aimed at assisting the improvement of the structure and content
of qualifications or the modification of the local training offer. In addition,
in our global world modernisation of the Hungarian structures should also
observe the current EU and international trends, policies, initiatives
or theories, and a good number of national research projects aim at exploring
and analysing precisely such aspects and their expected influence on Hungarian
trends in the fields of VET, HRD, lifelong learning and employment policy.
other important aspect of modernisation is improving the content of VET
(the professional and examination requirements and curricula of state recognized
and other vocational qualifications), and many of the recent research projects
are developmental researchesaimed at designing, developing and piloting
new training programmes, curricula, training tools and materials, as well
as improving the methodology of training, based on the assessment of training
needs in a sector of the economy and/or job profiles. Many of the transnational
projects focus on promoting training in SMEs, while the significance of
competence based training and the improvement of prior learning assessment
systems is highlighted by several national R&D projects.
significant group of recent projects involve researches exploring ways
of making VET more flexible through alternative modes of delivery, most
importantly, through promoting e-learning. These projects either describe
the current status of ICT technologies in VET (like most national projects
on the subject) or explore and develop ways of applying ICT in training.
the skills needs of and developing training programmes for various disadvantaged
target groups is also a main objective of a considerable number of current
R&D projects. The national projects include both descriptive and development
researches, many of them exploring the causes of school failure and assisting
decision-makers in developing second-chance programmes for drop-outs in
general or specifically targeting the disadvantaged Roma population.
but not least, the issues of improving the training of trainers and the
system of quality assurance are also important themes that appear in a
good number of research projects: the former mostly in developmental projects,
while the latter theme is explored in both descriptive and developmental
type of research.