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Hungary  [7]  Review of VET/HRD research

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Current VET/HRD research

VET R&D activities in Hungary are currently related to three important projects financed jointly by Structural Funds assistance and the Training sub-fund of the Labour Market Fund. All these R&D projects target the improvement of the system of VET and aim to influence the content of training, the efficiency of the institutional system as well as the prestige of a sub-sector of VET (vocational schools, szakiskola): 

1. Renewal of the National Qualification Register (Országos Képzési Jegyzék) involving all formal qualifications. The project targets partly the reduction of the number of vocational qualifications, partly the development of a modular structure of qualifications through ensuring that qualifications of different level build on each other. The focus is on the job profiles defined by employers in each occupational group, that serve as the basis for the development of the content and the professional and examination requirements of qualifications, and later of the training programmes.

2. Improving the efficiency of training, in particular of practical training. A significant problem of VET in Hungary is the great number of VET schools (1200), and the integration of these institutions may considerably improve the efficiency of the use of financial sources available. The project involves the development of good practices of institutional cooperation as well as concrete investments that enable the common use of tools and equipments necessary in practical training.

3. Improving the prestige and renewal of training skilled workers in vocational schools that currently face most problems. The project targets extensive development, including the improvement of the literacy and numeracy-logical skills as well as the social competences of students. The programme aims at providing a catching-up opportunity for disadvantaged students and at reducing the number of drop-outs through an intensive development programme implemented in the 90 schools chosen in the first period of the programme and, additionally, in 70 schools selected in the 2nd phase. The project targets also the renewal of vocational language education, the support of student mobility as well as the renewal of the methodology of vocational school training through the intensive training of teachers/trainers.

Future VET/HRD research

In the future Hungary as a new EU member state has to catch up with the new labour market processes that emerge in connection with the accession. Accordingly, R&D activities should focus on the pedagogical-methodological renewal of VET. 

Another important objective is improving the effectiveness and efficiency of VET, which as a basic tenet means increasing the more active and direct influence of the players of the economy. In this regard methodological researches on the faster improvement and change of the content requirements and the necessary institutional structure may come to the fore. 

A third important element must be the renewal of the professional and methodological competences of teachers/trainers working in VET, including the development of the theoretical background necessary for establishing alternative employment modes. Good examples for these were developed and operating in VET in Hungary 30 years ago, now the adaptation of these to the current market economical environment is needed. To achieve this, an important objective of R&D activities may be to develop appropriate training models and to frame recommendations to the policy makers based on these models.

A further important element is increasing research activities necessary for improving lifelong learning in VET, that should reflect on questions of quality assurance, support of mobility, adaptation to credit systems as well as include sector-specific researches enhancing the adaptation of the various forms of electronic learning in VET.

A highlighted research theme may be grounding services that VET may provide for disadvantaged groups, primarily for Roma youth, thus exerting a positive influence on social processes.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Hungary (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO