VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Hungary  []  Summary 

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The VET/HRD research themes currently considered most important in Hungary are closely linked to the overall objective of modernising the systems of the various sectors of education that relate to VET and HRD in Hungary in accordance with the needs and demands of the economy and the labour market. The more immediate objectives and measures of educational policy were defined in governmental strategies and are currently implemented through development programmes that are closely linked to research activities: they have both been built on (and urged on by) various R&D projects, and have initiated such projects. 

Research activities fall into two general categories: most national researches aim at exploring the present situation, structures, processes and trends in respect to a certain aspect or sector of VET/HRD and may propose development directions or measures, while the other part of projects aims to design, develop and pilot new content and methodology of VET and HRD. 

Most research and development projects are carried out either by the various national budgetary R&D institutions supervised by the Ministry of Education or the Ministry of Employment and Labour, or by researchers/departments/institutions of higher education institutions. In addition, the institutes/research groups of the Hungarian Academy of Science and some private research institutes commissioned by the public authorities also occasionally conduct important relevant research.

The most significant professional research associations and networks in Hungary include some committees of the Hungarian Academy of Science organizing prestigious professional events, as well as civil organizations working for either the development of VET in general or specifically for improving the training of trainers or LLL through facilitating research and cooperation. 

The support framework of financing R&D projects is rather complex. The most significant national public source is the Munkaerö-piaci Alap (Labour Market Fund) whose Training sub-fund supports VET projects in general, Employment sub-fund may finance R&D projects aimed at enhancing employment, and the adult training section of the latter provides funds for the development of adult training through a tendering process coordinated by various public authorities or foundations. Projects organized within some other framework (e.g. the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund Programs) and the research work of the national educational research and higher education institutions are financed (also) by annual budgetary funding.

Research activities in Hungary have so far focused primarily on the renewal and modernisation of the system of VET in order to improve its content, efficiency and prestige. In the future it is expected that projects will focus more on methodological issues, the modernisation of teacher/trainer training, and the conditions of improving lifelong learning opportunities for everyone.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Hungary (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO