VET/HRD research themes currently considered most important in Hungary
are closely linked to the overall objective of modernising the systems
of the various sectors of education that relate to VET and HRD in Hungary
in accordance with the needs and demands of the economy and the labour
market. The more immediate objectives and measures of educational policy
were defined in governmental strategies and are currently implemented through
development programmes that are closely linked to research activities:
they have both been built on (and urged on by) various R&D projects,
and have initiated such projects.
activities fall into two general categories: most national researches aim
at exploring the present situation, structures, processes and trends in
respect to a certain aspect or sector of VET/HRD and may propose development
directions or measures, while the other part of projects aims to design,
develop and pilot new content and methodology of VET and HRD.
research and development projects are carried out either by the various
national budgetary R&D institutions supervised by the Ministry of Education
or the Ministry of Employment and Labour, or by researchers/departments/institutions
of higher education institutions. In addition, the institutes/research
groups of the Hungarian Academy of Science and some private research institutes
commissioned by the public authorities also occasionally conduct important
most significant professional research associations and networks in Hungary
include some committees of the Hungarian Academy of Science organizing
prestigious professional events, as well as civil organizations working
for either the development of VET in general or specifically for improving
the training of trainers or LLL through facilitating research and cooperation.
support framework of financing R&D projects is rather complex. The
most significant national public source is the Munkaerö-piaci Alap
(Labour Market Fund) whose Training sub-fund supports VET projects in general,
Employment sub-fund may finance R&D projects aimed at enhancing employment,
and the adult training section of the latter provides funds for the development
of adult training through a tendering process coordinated by various public
authorities or foundations. Projects organized within some other framework
(e.g. the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund Programs) and the research
work of the national educational research and higher education institutions
are financed (also) by annual budgetary funding.
activities in Hungary have so far focused primarily on the renewal and
modernisation of the system of VET in order to improve its content, efficiency
and prestige. In the future it is expected that projects will focus more
on methodological issues, the modernisation of teacher/trainer training,
and the conditions of improving lifelong learning opportunities for everyone.