of training policies
the recognition of the exclusive jurisdiction entrusted to the Regional
Authorities in the vocational training field, the aim of the central Government,
through the Ministry of Labour, is to guarantee the essential levels of
services to be provided throughout Italy. With regard to vocational education,
the central Government, through the Ministry of Education, University and
Research, also has jurisdiction in the definition of the general principles
of the educational system. Researches for monitoring the decentralisation
policies and the reforms at national level and at local level, have been
developed under the initiative of the Ministries of Labour and Education,
and the Regions. Groups of experts and technical assistance of public institutes
of research have been giving an important contribution for the development
of new regional training systems.
vocational education and training reform
reform is based on the Law 53/03 'Delega al Governo per la definizione
delle norme generali sull’istruzione e dei livelli essenziali delle prestazioni
in materia di istruzione e di istruzione e formazione professional' [Delegation
to the Government to draw up general standards for education and minimum
service levels in education and in vocational education and training].
The reform of the education and vocational education and training
has been built with the support of a group of experts set out by the Ministry
of Education for this purpose. After the reform ISFOL and INDIRE have been
charged by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour of supporting
the development of the system.
53/03 introduced the 'diritto-dovere all’istruzione e alla formazione professionale'
(right/duty to participate in education and vocational training) in Italy
for at least 12 years, subject to legal consequences. The 'diritto-dovere'
can in all cases be satisfied by obtaining a vocational qualification.
Isfol has been charged with monitoring the regional activities
for promoting the right/duty to participate in education and vocational
vocational education and training
2004 the Multi-sectoral Funds for continuing vocational training (Fondi
paritetici interprofessionali per la formazione continua) started their
operational activity. These funds completely redesign the CVT intervention
strategies. They can be set up in different areas of the economy: industry,
agriculture, the services/ tertiary sector and artisan production. The
funds receive the 0,3% payroll contribution levied on employers for continuing
training, which formerly went to the public authorities. The funds are
managed by the social partners and supervised by the Ministry of Labour
and Social Policies. In 2004, 9 of the 10 constituted funds started
their activities. Isfol has been charged with supporting the observatory
on continuing training established in the Ministry of Labour, which will
develop guidelines for the Multi-sectoral Funds and monitor their activities.
Reform of apprenticeship
reform is based on the Law 30/03 'Delega al Governo in materia di occupazione
e mercato del lavoro' [Delegation to the Government in respect of employment
and the labour market]. A policy framework involving government, regional
authorities and social partners has been established to:
of the reform is supported by the Legislative Decree No. 276 of 10 September
2003 'Attuazione delle deleghe in materia di occupazione e mercato del
lavoro, di cui alla legge 14 febbraio 2003, n.30' [Implemention of the
delegations regarding employment and the labour market contained in Law
30 of 14 February 2003]. Isfol is charged with the monitoring of
the regional system of apprenticeship, the definition of the contents
of the training, the standards for the compulsory training, and the quality
of the training provided.
the integration of women, young and older workers in the labour market,
increasing the employment rate, developing a more efficient and transparent
system for the labour supply and demand matching;
rapid labour market reintegration of those who have lost their job;
a solid training system for ‘lifelong’ support.