related to VET/HRD (carried out in public institutes of research and in
universities) is mainly financed by the EU (ESF) and the State through
from the EU:
(with PON - National OP Ministries or POR - Regions)
at national level:
VET PROGRAMMES/ INITIATIVES (Leonardo, Europass….)
calls for proposal
(Ministries of Labour, of Education, of Environment and others).
at universities research and public institutes (controlled by the Ministry
of Education), in small part related to VET (mainly pedagogy issues), is
financed by national programmes such as:
from the regions, through local funds and structural funds
from social partners and the private sector:
is also carried out by centres established by the social partners or by
the private sector (foundations and private universities).