research has an important impact in the country.
press often reports news from research reports following events to present
impact of monitoring researches of activities at national and regional
level following the reforms has a relevant impact on the application of
the reforms. Often the monitoring reports lead to new legislation (decrees,
circular notes of Ministries and/or regions) intended to better explain
some provisions or to adapt the law to the situation at local level.
an overview of legislation with reference to VET/HRD research see section
National Research programme (Piano nazionale per la Ricerca – PNR) for
the period 2005/2007 <http://www.governo.it/GovernoInforma/Dossier/pnr05_07/index.html>
reflects 3 strategic objectives:
Research to improve the quality of life;
aims to strengthen the research towards supporting excellence, merit, internationalisation,
the growth and the valorisation of human capital. The PNR is based on 8
keywords: development and valorisation of human capital, excellence in
research, concentration on strategic sectors, multi-sectoral approach,
internationalisation, cooperation between public and private sectors, increased
use of different sources of financing, evaluation and assessment of research.
This is the first organic programme on research that has been approved
in Italy; it reflect the increase of the public expenditure for research:
0.72% for 2004.
Research to increase the competitiveness of the enterprises;
Research for a sustainable development.
assessment of research (projects conducted by research centres related
to the Ministry of Education, University and Research ) is assured through
the action of a committee (Comitato di Indirizzo per la valutazione della
Ricerca - CIVR) <www.civr.it>. The
components of CIVR are nominated by the government (for 4 years), involving
experts from scientific, social and industrial sectors.
last report for the period 2001-2003 has considered the following criteria
for the evaluation of research: productivity and quality of the work, internationalisation,
impact, use of external resources, management of the resources.
results of the report show a good quality of research and a good level
of internationalisation, though there are still problems concerning the
impact of the research and the knowledge transfer. The CIVR has been charged
by the Ministry of Education, University and Research to elaborate the
guidelines for the evaluation of research in order to improve the link
between the results of the evaluation and the allocation of the resources
and to support the dissemination of the research results.
CIVR is currently working on the evaluation of 18.500 research products
through the activity of 157 experts divided in 20 panels, reflecting the
areas of research defined by the D.M. 249/2000. The results of this evaluation
will be published in June 2006.