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VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Italy  [7]  Review of VET/HRD research 

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Current VET/HRD research

VET/HRD research has an important impact in the country. 

The press often reports news from research reports following events to present them.

The impact of monitoring researches of activities at national and regional level following the reforms has a relevant impact on the application of the reforms. Often the monitoring reports lead to new legislation (decrees, circular notes of Ministries and/or regions) intended to better explain some provisions or to adapt the law to the situation at local level. 

For an overview of legislation with reference to VET/HRD research see section 1.

Future VET/HRD research

The National Research programme (Piano nazionale per la Ricerca PNR) for the period 2005/2007 <http://www.governo.it/GovernoInforma/Dossier/pnr05_07/index.html> reflects 3 strategic objectives:

- Research to improve the quality of life;
- Research to increase the competitiveness of the enterprises;
- Research for a sustainable development. 
The PNR aims to strengthen the research towards supporting excellence, merit, internationalisation, the growth and the valorisation of human capital. The PNR is based on 8 keywords: development and valorisation of human capital, excellence in research, concentration on strategic sectors, multi-sectoral approach, internationalisation, cooperation between public and private sectors, increased use of different sources of financing, evaluation and assessment of research. This is the first organic programme on research that has been approved in Italy; it reflect the increase of the public expenditure for research: 0.72% for 2004.

The assessment of research (projects conducted by research centres related to the Ministry of Education, University and Research ) is assured through the action of a committee (Comitato di Indirizzo per la valutazione della Ricerca - CIVR) <www.civr.it>. The components of CIVR are nominated by the government (for 4 years), involving experts from scientific, social and industrial sectors. 
The last report for the period 2001-2003 has considered the following criteria for the evaluation of research: productivity and quality of the work, internationalisation, impact, use of external resources, management of the resources. 

The results of the report show a good quality of research and a good level of internationalisation, though there are still problems concerning the impact of the research and the knowledge transfer. The CIVR has been charged by the Ministry of Education, University and Research to elaborate the guidelines for the evaluation of research in order to improve the link between the results of the evaluation and the allocation of the resources and to support the dissemination of the research results.

The CIVR is currently working on the evaluation of 18.500 research products through the activity of 157 experts divided in 20 panels, reflecting the areas of research defined by the D.M. 249/2000. The results of this evaluation will be published in June 2006.

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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Italy (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO