research has an important impact in the country. The press often reports
news from research reports following events to present them.
the period concerned by this report major reforms of the education and
training system have been approved and the decrees for their application
are going to be approved (Law 53/03). Decentralisation of training policies
(since 2001) continues to produce new regional VET systems. Many researches
are monitoring the decentralisation policies and the reforms at national
level and at local level, and public institutes of research (ISFOL) are
giving an important contribution to the development of compulsory education
(right/duty) and to the apprenticeship (reformed by the Law 30/03).
continuing training system has been completely redesign, concerning intervention
strategies, with the setting up of the Multi-sectoral Funds for continuing
vocational training, which started their activity in 2004. Isfol has been
charged with supporting the observatory on continuing training established
in the Ministry of Labour, which will develop guidelines for the Multi-sectoral
Funds and monitor their activities.
VET/HRD policies in the past 5 years have been deeply influenced by the
EU guidelines on lifelong learning, the Lisbon, Bruges and Copenhagen process.
The activity of Cedefop (Europass) and the EU certification transparency
strategy has deeply influenced VET/HRD policies. The influence of EU action
is more evident considering the ESF programming period 2000-2006, including
the definition of the National and the Regional Operational Programmes,
which have financed most of the VET/HRD researches used for the monitoring
and the development of the reforms at national and regional level. The
Research Framework Programme has a minor effect on the production of VET
research as the projects presented and approved under the Programme include
very few subjects which can affect VET/HRD policy.
themes and issues of research projects, apart from the ones referring to
the monitoring and development of VET reforms, are linked to the quality
of training, guidance and e-learning.
research is undertaken through the activity of public institutes of research
and universities. The most important are ISFOL, under the control of the
Ministry of Labour, and INDIRE (under the Ministry of Education). Research
is also carried out by centres established by the social partners or by
the private sector (foundations and private universities). Public research
(carried out in public institutes of research and universities) related
to VET/HRD is financed by the EU (mainly ESF), the State through Ministries,
Regions and Provinces.
assessment of research (projects conducted by research centres related
to the Ministry of Education, University and Research ) is assured through
the action of a committee (Comitato di Indirizzo per la valutazione della
Ricerca - CIVR). The CIVR is currently working on the evaluation of 18.500
research products through the activity of 157 experts divided in 20 panels,
reflecting the areas of research defined by the D.M. 249/2000. The results
of this evaluation will be published in June 2006.
portal of Italian research was launched in December 2005 by the Ministry
of Education, University and Research. This portal shows to the citizens
and the experts how the entire Italian research systems works, its objectives
and activities and the actors of research.