VET and HRD research in European countries > Overview

Lithuania  [1]  Context of national VET/HRD policies

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The national VET/HRD policy is strongly influenced by two factors: the membership of Lithuania in EU and the recovery of the economy. Moreover, Lithuania has joined the Copenhagen process. All this has resulted in several VET policy initiatives:
  • Development of a new edition of the Law on VET;
  • Development of the national qualification system (including sectoral approach, VET standards); 
  • Development of the quality assurance system for VET;
  • Development of the vocational guidance and counselling system;
  • Decentralisation of the governance of VET institutions;
  • Strengthening of links between general education and VET.
VET/HRD research is initiated both by national policy-making structures to underpin the planned policy changes and by universities that have their own more academically oriented research plans. Therefore research activities in the field of VET/HRD, though being not very numerous, cover a rather wide range of topics including those arising from VET/HRD policy initiatives. The research activities carried out in Lithuania in 2005 can be categorised  under the following headings:
  • Transition from school to work;
  • Development of the VET infrastructure;
  • Quality of higher education;
  • Guidance and counselling, career building;
  • Validation of non-formal and informal learning;
  • Didactics in education and training;
  • Situation of the social partnership in VET;
  • Success of the initial VET reform;
  • Continuing education of teachers.
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Source: Cedefop - National Research Report Lithuania (details see Bibliography)
Editor: Sabine Manning  © WIFO