research activities in the field of VET/HRD in Lithuania were started in
1996/97. Since then research activities have grown considerably. However
research projects are usually dealing with rather specific topics, they
often have no continuity, and mechanisms of coordination at the national
level are not created yet.
effectiveness and impact of R&D activities is not high for two main
reasons. First, many policy makers due to their soviet experience are not
used to rely on research and analysis. Therefore the majority of researches
are initiated by universities themselves and often are not in line with
the policy practices. Second, there is a shortage of researchers who are
practically oriented, and recommendations of the research reports often
are of very general nature and cannot be directly implemented even if they
have been ordered by policy makers.
present, priority is given to investigations that should help to improve
correspondence between labour force supply and demand and participation
in lifelong learning activities.
of the possible initiatives would be to start coordinating VET research
activities. A research programme is needed to provide VET/HRD policy makers
and VET providers with recommendations for the active participation of
Lithuania in the Copenhagen process and for properly using the possibilities
of EU funding for the advancement of VET and HRD activities.
following priority fields for VET research could be mentioned:
of human resource management practices especially in the case of small
and medium businesses, to ensure a more effective use of ESF funding;
of existing skill gaps and future skill needs to support a fast growth
of modern sectors of economy;
of labour market needs to optimally plan labour force qualifications. At
present the national policy is very much in favour of tertiary education,
and this in the situation of a recovering economy can result in a shortage
of qualified workers;
of IVET and ways to improve its standing compared to general education
at upper-secondary level. In Lithuania at present only 25-30 percent of
students are choosing vocational route, ES average being almost 60 percent;
of the involvement of young adults in second chance learning. In the last
decade of the previous century there was a big number of early school leavers,
and at present there are many unqualified young adults in the labour market.